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The chemotherapeutical treatment is very limited for malignant melanoma, a highly lethal disease occurs globally. Natural products derived from traditional Chinese medicine licorice are attractive in quest new treatments due to their anti-tumor activities. A new dietary flavonoid isoliquiritigenin (ISL) were thus investigated to indentify its anti-melanoma(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM The overexpressed in lung cancer-1 (OLC1) protein is overexpressed in a variety of human tumors. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether increased expression of OLC1 is associated with colorectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS OLC1 expression was assayed in 150 colorectal cancer tissues by immunohistochemical staining(More)
Inhibitor of growth 4 (ING4) is considered to be a tumor suppressor implicated in several human malignancies by tumor growth inhibition and apoptosis enhancement. In present study, the effects of ING4 on apoptosis and its mechanisms were investigated through the transduction of ING4 cDNA into lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549. The effects of ING4 on A549(More)
Heteroplasmic cells, harboring both mutant and normal mitochondrial DNAs (mtDNAs), must accumulate mutations to a threshold level before respiratory activity is affected. This phenomenon has led to the hypothesis of mtDNA complementation by inter-mitochondrial content mixing. The precise mechanisms of heteroplasmic complementation are unknown, but it(More)
The efficient total synthesis of the natural substance largazole is described. Using this strategy, a small library of largazole analogs was developed. Structure-activity relationship studies suggested that the geometry of the alkene in the side chain is critical. While the largazole's analogues with trans-alkene are potent for the antiproliferative effect,(More)
Substantial evidence has demonstrated immune defects in breast cancer patients. They have decreased numbers of peripheral blood lymphocytes, but higher numbers of functionally suppressive CD4(+) CD25(+) Treg in both peripheral blood and tumor microenvironment. Constitutive high expression of CD25 is a pivotal characteristic of natural Treg cells. This study(More)
The mechanisms of somatic cell reprogramming have been revealed at multiple levels. However, the lack of tools to monitor different reactive oxygen species (ROS) has left their distinct signals and roles in reprogramming unknown. We hypothesized that mitochondrial flashes (mitoflashes), recently identified spontaneous bursts of mitochondrial superoxide(More)
An exopolysaccharide (EPS) with a molecular weight of 230 kDa, was isolated from Bordetella sp. B4. The EPS was identified as linear alpha-1,6-(6-methyl)-glucan with N-acetyl-D-glucosamine branches at alpha-1, 4-linkages by IR and NMR spectroscopy. The free radical scavenging capacities of EPS on 2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)(More)
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have fewer and immature mitochondria than somatic cells and mainly rely on glycolysis for energy source. During somatic cell reprogramming, somatic mitochondria and other organelles get remodeled. However, events of organelle remodeling and interaction during somatic cell reprogramming have not been extensively(More)
Mogroside IIE is a bitter triterpenoid saponin which is the main component of unripe Luo Han Guo fruit and a precursor of the commercially available sweetener mogroside V. In this study, we developed an enzymatic glycosyl transfer method, by which bitter mogroside IIE could be converted into a sweet triterpenoid saponin mixture. The reactant concentration,(More)