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The chemotherapeutical treatment is very limited for malignant melanoma, a highly lethal disease occurs globally. Natural products derived from traditional Chinese medicine licorice are attractive in quest new treatments due to their anti-tumor activities. A new dietary flavonoid isoliquiritigenin (ISL) were thus investigated to indentify its anti-melanoma(More)
Heteroplasmic cells, harboring both mutant and normal mitochondrial DNAs (mtDNAs), must accumulate mutations to a threshold level before respiratory activity is affected. This phenomenon has led to the hypothesis of mtDNA complementation by inter-mitochondrial content mixing. The precise mechanisms of heteroplasmic complementation are unknown, but it(More)
The mechanisms of somatic cell reprogramming have been revealed at multiple levels. However, the lack of tools to monitor different reactive oxygen species (ROS) has left their distinct signals and roles in reprogramming unknown. We hypothesized that mitochondrial flashes (mitoflashes), recently identified spontaneous bursts of mitochondrial superoxide(More)
The efficient total synthesis of the natural substance largazole is described. Using this strategy, a small library of largazole analogs was developed. Structure-activity relationship studies suggested that the geometry of the alkene in the side chain is critical. While the largazole's analogues with trans-alkene are potent for the antiproliferative effect,(More)
An exopolysaccharide (EPS) with a molecular weight of 230 kDa, was isolated from Bordetella sp. B4. The EPS was identified as linear alpha-1,6-(6-methyl)-glucan with N-acetyl-D-glucosamine branches at alpha-1, 4-linkages by IR and NMR spectroscopy. The free radical scavenging capacities of EPS on 2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)(More)
Mogroside IIE is a bitter triterpenoid saponin which is the main component of unripe Luo Han Guo fruit and a precursor of the commercially available sweetener mogroside V. In this study, we developed an enzymatic glycosyl transfer method, by which bitter mogroside IIE could be converted into a sweet triterpenoid saponin mixture. The reactant concentration,(More)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations have been implicated in a broad range of disorders which severely affect human health (Wallace, 1999). Some drugs have been developed to slow down pathological changes of mitochon-drial disorders. However, there is no effective treatment for patients with mtDNA mutations. mtDNA is less protected and has fewer repair(More)
Alteronol, isolated from microbial mutation strains, has been applied for Chinese and International patents for tumor treatment. The aim of this project study is to investigate characteristics of proliferation and redifferentiation induced by alteronol in B16-F0 mouse melanoma cells. Cell proliferation is determined by tetrazolium salt colorimetric method(More)
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