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Carbon monoxide (CO), a product of heme oxygenase activity, exerts antiapoptotic and anti-inflammatory effects in vitro and in vivo. The anti-inflammatory effects of CO involve the inhibition of TNF-alpha expression and the enhancement of IL-10 production, resulting in reduced mortality after endotoxin challenge. In this study we demonstrate for the first(More)
In this paper, we investigated the performance of bird species recognition using neural networks with different preprocessing methods and different sets of features. Context neural network architecture was designed to embed the dynamic nature of bird songs into inputs. We devised a noise reduction algorithm and effectively applied it to enhance bird species(More)
Spatial information captured from optical remote sensors on board unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) has great potential in automatic surveillance of electrical infrastructure. For an automatic vision-based power line inspection system, detecting power lines from a cluttered background is one of the most important and challenging tasks. In this paper, a novel(More)
Spatial information captured from optical remote sensors on board unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) has great potential in the automatic surveillance of electrical power infrastructure. For an automatic vision based power line inspection system, detecting power lines from cluttered background an important and challenging task. In this paper, we propose a(More)
Acoustic classification of anurans (frogs) has received increasing attention for its promising application in biological and environment studies. In this study, a novel feature extraction method for frog call classification is presented based on the analysis of spectrograms. The frog calls are first automatically segmented into syllables. Then, spectral(More)
Frogs have received increasing attention due to their effectiveness for indicating the environment change. Therefore, it is important to monitor and assess frogs. With the development of sensor techniques, large volumes of audio data (including frog calls) have been collected and need to be analysed. After transforming the audio data into its spectrogram(More)
Bioacoustic monitoring has become a significant research topic for species diversity conservation. Due to the development of sensing techniques, acoustic sensors are widely deployed in the field to record animal sounds over a large spatial and temporal scale. With large volumes of collected audio data, it is essential to develop semi-automatic or automatic(More)
Lipid droplet (LD) formation is a hallmark of cellular stress. Cells attempt to combat noxious stimuli by switching their metabolism from oxidative phosphorylation to glycolysis, sparing resources in LDs for generating cellular reducing power and for anabolic biosynthesis. Membrane phospholipids are also a source of LDs. To elucidate the formation of LDs,(More)
Hypoxia/reoxygenation causes cell death, yet the underlying regulatory mechanisms remain partially understood. Recent studies demonstrate that hypoxia/reoxygenation can activate death receptor and mitochondria-dependent apoptotic pathways, involving Bid and Bax mitochondrial translocation and cytochrome c release. Using mouse lung endothelial cells (MLEC),(More)