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Quasi-experimental study designs, often described as nonrandomized, pre-post intervention studies, are common in the medical informatics literature. Yet little has been written about the benefits and limitations of the quasi-experimental approach as applied to informatics studies. This paper outlines a relative hierarchy and nomenclature of(More)
We evaluated the prevalence of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii environmental contamination before and after discharge cleaning in rooms of infected/colonized patients. 46.9% of rooms and 15.3% of sites were found contaminated precleaning, and 25% of rooms and 5.5% of sites were found contaminated postcleaning. Cleaning significantly decreased(More)
OBJECTIVES Comorbidities are often included in risk-factor models for nosocomial antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections, and aggregate comorbidity measures are valuable because they allow one variable to represent many. This study aimed to develop new aggregate comorbidity measures based upon the Chronic Disease Score (CDS) for assessing the(More)
BACKGROUND In 2003, the Society of Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) recommended surveillance cultures upon hospital admission for patients at high risk for carriage of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The aim of this study was to assess the validity of factors from past medical history(More)
Patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) often report symptoms of dissociation. However, it is unclear how these symptoms relate to psychotherapeutic treatment, for example, with cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Here, we investigated the degree of overlap between symptoms of dissociation and other psychiatric features that are more(More)
PURPOSE Antibiotic-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae potentially threatens the successful treatment of common respiratory tract infections (RTIs); however, the relationship between antibiotic resistance and treatment outcomes remains unclear. We aimed to test the hypothesis that higher in vitro penicillin and erythromycin nonsusceptibility levels among(More)
This study assessed the recovery rates of Gram-negative bacilli from stored endotracheal aspirates frozen with and without glycerol. Samples frozen with glycerol showed a significant difference in isolate recovery, 89.7% versus 69.2% (P = 0.02). This study demonstrates that it is possible to achieve high recovery rates of potentially pathogenic organisms(More)
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