Jingjing Zhao

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Enhancers are essential gene regulatory elements whose alteration can lead to morphological differences between species, developmental abnormalities, and human disease. Current strategies to identify enhancers focus primarily on noncoding sequences and tend to exclude protein coding sequences. Here, we analyzed 25 available ChIP-seq data sets that identify(More)
In an attempt to examine the effect of inhibition of semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO; EC 1.4.3.6, also known as VAP-1) as a novel anti-inflammatory target, the structure/mechanism based design and synthesis of a series of novel hydrazino-containing small molecules are described. The in vitro biological results show that compounds 4a,c are highly(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a widespread endocrine-disrupting chemical used as the building block for polycarbonate plastics. Epidemiological evidence has correlated BPA exposure with higher risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes. However, it remains unknown whether there are critical windows of susceptibility to BPA exposure on the development of dysglycemia.(More)
Aptamers are artificial oligonucleotides (DNA or RNA) that can bind to a broad range of targets. In diagnostic and detection assays, aptamers represent an alternative to antibodies as recognition agents. The objective of this study was to select and characterize DNA aptamers that can specifically bind to avian influenza virus (AIV) H5N1 based on Systematic(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine whether genetic variants in the insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) gene were associated with high myopia in the Chinese population. METHODS A case-control association study of 421 unrelated Chinese patients with high myopia and 401 control subjects matched in ethnicity and gender was undertaken. Genomic(More)
Accumulation of glomerular extracellular matrix (ECM) may result in glomerulosclerosis. Several lines of evidence indicate a key role for transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) in glomerular ECM synthesis and degradation, such as fibronectin (FN). Aldose reductase (AR) was proven to be one of the TGF-β1 responsive genes in cultured rat mesangial cells using(More)
What is the best account to explain the object-based attentional benefit-that is, the spread of attention within an attended object or prioritization of search across possible target locations within an attended object? Using a task in which the location of the target was known with certainty, in the present study we systematically manipulated the type(More)
mTOR is a serine/threonine kinase that regulates cell growth, metabolism, proliferation, and survival. mTOR complex-1 (mTORC1) and mTOR complex-2 (mTORC2) are critical mediators of the PI3K-AKT pathway, which is frequently mutated in many cancers, leading to hyperactivation of mTOR signaling. Although rapamycin analogues, allosteric inhibitors that target(More)
In addition to their protein coding function, exons can also serve as transcriptional enhancers. Mutations in these exonic-enhancers (eExons) could alter both protein function and transcription. However, the functional consequence of eExon mutations is not well known. Here, using massively parallel reporter assays, we dissect the enhancer activity of three(More)