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The viability of conidia of Esteya vermicola, a potentially important biocontrol agent against the pinewood nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, is usually determined by cultivation for 18–48 h in culture medium. As an alternative to this labor-intensive method, we have developed a rapid, simple, and low-cost staining method for assessing E vermicola(More)
While significant progress has been made in understanding the anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative effects of the natural diterpenoid component Oridonin on tumor cells, little is known about its effect on tumor angiogenesis or metastasis and on the underlying molecular mechanisms. In this study, Oridonin significantly suppressed human umbilical vascular(More)
Whispering is a natural, unphonated, secondary aspect of speech communications for most people. However, it is the primary mechanism of communications for some speakers who have impaired voice production mechanisms, such as partial laryngectomees, as well as for those prescribed voice rest, which often follows surgery or damage to the larynx. Unlike most(More)
Whispers are an important secondary vocal communications mechanism that can be necessary for communicating private information and which are an integral aspect of natural human-to-human dialogue. Furthermore, they may be the primary vocal communications method of those suffering from certain forms of aphonia, such as laryngectomees. This paper considers the(More)
The endogenous β-galactosidase expressed in intestinal microbes is demonstrated to help humans in lactose usage, and treatment associated with the promotion of beneficial microorganism in the gut is correlated with lactose tolerance. From this point, a kind of recombinant live β-galactosidase delivery system using food-grade protein expression techniques(More)
In order to investigate and evaluate the effects of red deer antlers on hair growth in the full-thickness wound healing model, Sprague-Dawley rats were given incision wounds through the full thickness of their dorsal skin and deer antler was applied for 40 days. At specified intervals thereafter (4, 8, 16, 32 and 40 days), the animals were sacrificed and(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) has important roles in cancer aggressiveness and has been confirmed as an attractive target for cancer therapy. In this study, we used a dual-luciferase assay to identify that pectolinarigenin inhibited STAT3 activity. Further studies showed pectolinarigenin inhibited constitutive and(More)
Methyl 2-cyano-3,11-dioxo-18-olean-1,12-dien-30-oate (CDODA-Me), a triterpenoid acid derived synthetically from glycyrrhetinic acid, has been characterized as a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) agonist with a broad range of receptor-dependent and independent anticancer activities. Although CDODA-Me decreases the expression of some(More)
Geometric distortions are simple and effective attacks rendering many watermarking methods useless. They make detection and extraction of the embedded watermark difficult or even impossible by destroying the synchronization between the watermark reader and the embedded watermark. In this paper, we propose a blind content-based image watermarking scheme(More)
This paper presents a study on large vocabulary continuous whisper automatic recognition (wLVCSR). wLVCSR provides the ability to use ASR equipment in public places without concern for disturbing others or leaking private information. However the task of wLVCSR is much more challenging than normal LVCSR due to the absence of pitch which not only causes the(More)