Learn More
BACKGROUND Bivalves comprise 30,000 extant species, constituting the second largest group of mollusks. However, limited genetic research has focused on this group of animals so far, which is, in part, due to the lack of genomic resources. The advent of high-throughput sequencing technologies enables generation of genomic resources in a short time and at a(More)
BACKGROUND Sea cucumbers are a special group of marine invertebrates. They occupy a taxonomic position that is believed to be important for understanding the origin and evolution of deuterostomes. Some of them such as Apostichopus japonicus represent commercially important aquaculture species in Asian countries. Many efforts have been devoted to increasing(More)
Marine scallops, with extended planktonic larval stages which can potentially disperse over large distances when advected by marine currents, are expected to possess low geographical differentiation. However, the sessile lifestyle as adult tends to form discrete “sea beds” with unique population dynamics and structure. The narrow distribution of Zhikong(More)
Zhikong scallop (Chlamys farreri Jones et Preston, 1904) is one of the most commercially important bivalves in China, but research on its genome is underdeveloped. In this study, we constructed the first Zhikong scallop fosmid library, and analyzed the fosmid end sequences to provide a preliminary assessment of the genome. The library consists of 133,851(More)
Chromosomal structural rearrangement in four scallops, Chlamys farreri (n = 19), Patinopecten yessoensis (n = 19), Chlamys nobilis (n = 16) and Argopecten irradians (n = 16), was studied by fluorescence in situ hybridization using histone H3 gene probes. The results show that histone H3 gene sites differ strikingly with regard to number, location, and(More)
The chromosomes of Argopecten irradians irradians were studied by various cytogenetic approaches. Conventional chromosome characterization built on C-banding, DAPI-staining, and silver staining was complemented by the physical mapping of ribosomal DNA and telomeric sequence (TTAGGG)n by FISH. Results showed that the constitutive heterochromatin revealed by(More)
BACKGROUND Bivalves comprise around 30,000 extant species and have received much attention for their importance in ecosystems, aquaculture and evolutionary studies. Despite the increasing application of real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) in gene expression studies on bivalve species, little research has been conducted on reference(More)
Chromosome identification is the first step in genomic research of a species, but it remains a challenge in scallops. In the present study, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) mapping of 19 fosmid clones was attempted and used for chromosome identification in Zhikong scallop (Chlamys farreri Jones et Preston, 1904). Data showed that 10 clones were(More)
It is at present difficult to accurately position gaps in sequence alignment and to determine substructural homology in structure alignment when reconstructing phylogenies based on highly divergent sequences. Therefore, we have developed a new strategy for inferring phylogenies based on highly divergent sequences. In this new strategy, the whole secondary(More)
Marine scallops are sessile as adult but have a long planktonic larval phase showing great possibility to migrate in marine realm lacking of obvious barriers. Genetic analysis of scallop embryos/larvae based on molecular markers is very essential to clarify the spatial and temporal gene flow and the unique population and community structure. However, the(More)