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The antigenically related coaggregation receptor polysaccharides (RPS) of Streptococcus oralis strains C104 and SK144 mediate recognition of these bacteria by other members of the dental plaque biofilm community. In the present study, the structure of strain SK144 RPS was established by high resolution NMR spectroscopy as(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by amyloid-β (Aβ) deposition and neurofibrillary tangles. Dl-PHPB [potassium 2-(1-hydroxypentyl)-benzoate], has been shown to have neuroprotective effects on cerebral ischemic, vascular dementia, and Aβ-induced animal models by inhibiting oxidative injury, neuronal apoptosis,(More)
Surveys have reported that rare-earth elements (REEs) could impair cognitive functions of children. Experimental studies have shown the neurological adverse effects of REEs on animals. However, the mechanism underlying these impairments is unclear. Lanthanum is often selected to study the effects of REEs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the(More)
Exposure to rare earth elements (REEs) is known to impair intelligence in children and cause neurobehavioral abnormalities in animals. However, the mechanisms underlying these phenomena are not clear. Lanthanum is often used to study the effects of REEs. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of lanthanum chloride (LaCl3) on spatial learning(More)
Lanthanum chloride (LaCl3) can affect neurobehavioral development and impair cognitive abilities. The mechanism underlying LaCl3-induced neurotoxic effects is still unknown. The purpose of this research was to investigate the neuronal impairment induced by LaCl3 and discuss the possible mechanism from the aspects of the alteration of glutamate level,(More)
Oxidative stress and apoptosis facilitation in the developing central nervous system (CNS) have been inferred as two mechanisms related to lead’s neurotoxicity, and excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) can promote oxidative stress and apoptosis facilitation. Few studies systematically investigated the potential relationship among oxidative stress, ROS(More)
UNLABELLED AOBJECTIVE: To study the effects of lanthanum (La) on calmodulin (CaM) activity, phosphorylation of CaM dependent protein kinase IV (CaMK IV), cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) and expression of c-fos, c-jun and egrl in the hippocampal CA3 area of rats. METHODS Forty Wistar rats in pregnancy were divided randomly into four groups:(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of lanthanum on memory, and explore the corresponding mechanism from immediate early gene expression of cerebral cortex in rats. METHODS Female adult rats were divided into control, low, middle, and high dose lanthanum groups at random. Offspring of lanthanum groups were administrated with lanthanum from birth to(More)
Epidemiological investigations have indicated that aluminium (Al) is an important environmental neurotoxicant that may be involved in the aetiology of the cognitive dysfunction associated with neurodegenerative diseases. Additionally, exposure to Al is known to cause neurobehavioural abnormalities in animals. Previous studies demonstrated that Al impaired(More)
As a representative element of lanthanide, lanthanum has been widely used in various fields and eventually entered environment and accumulated in human body. Epidemiological and experimental evidences indicated that lanthanum has neurotoxicity; however, the detailed mechanism is still elusive. Here, we chose primary cerebral cortical neurons as model in(More)