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The mechanisms underlying Parkinson's disease (PD) and Lewy body (LB) formation, a pathological hallmark of PD, are incompletely understood; however, mitochondrial dysfunction is likely to be at least partially responsible. To study the processes that might be related to nigral neurodegeneration and LB formation, we employed nonbiased quantitative(More)
Functional impairment of mitochondria and proteasomes and increased oxidative damage comprise the main pathological phenotypes of Parkinson disease (PD). Using an unbiased quantitative proteomic approach, we compared nigral mitochondrial proteins of PD patients with those from age-matched controls. 119 of 842 identified proteins displayed significant(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) remains elusive, although evidence has suggested that neuroinflammation characterized by activation of resident microglia in the brain may contribute significantly to neurodegeneration in PD. It has been demonstrated that aggregated alpha-synuclein potently activates microglia and causes(More)
It is essential to characterize the proteome of various regions of human brain because most, if not all, neurodegenerative diseases are region-specific. Here we report an in-depth proteomics identification of proteins extracted from the frontal cortex, a region playing a critical role in cognitive function. The integrated proteomics analytical flow(More)
Neuroinflammation mediated by microglial activation appears to play an essential role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease; however, the mechanisms by which microglia are activated are not fully understood. Thus, we first evaluated the effects of two parkinsonian toxicants, manganese ethylene bisdithiocarbamate (Mn-EBDC) and 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridine(More)
Earlier investigations have demonstrated that tubulin co-localizes with alpha-synuclein in Lewy bodies and influences the formation of alpha-synuclein aggregation. However, it is not clear whether aggregated alpha-synuclein has any effects on the function of tubulin, i.e. tubulin polymerization, a critical mechanism by which neurons maintain their(More)
Lewy body (LB) inclusions are one of the pathological hallmarks of Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). One way to better understand the process leading to LB formation and associated pathogenesis responsible for neurodegeneration in PD and DLB is to examine the content of LB inclusions. Here, we performed a proteomic investigation(More)
Parkinson disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that is considered to affect the brainstem at its early stages and other brain regions, including the limbic system and isocortex, in advanced stages. It has been suggested that PD progression is characterized pathologically by the spreading of Lewy body deposition. To identify novel(More)
—We propose maximum likelihood (ML) and restricted maximum likelihood (REML) methods for estimating the mean and covariance parameters of multi-input multi-output (MIMO) Ricean and Rayleigh block-fading channels using measurements from multiple coherent intervals containing both amplitudes and phases of the received signal. Correlated and independent fading(More)