Jinghong Zhao

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Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a common complication in patients with CKD and an independent risk factor for death. Changes in the levels of uremic solutes or Klotho have been reported to be related to CKD, whereas the relationships between these factors and CKD-associated LVH remain unclear. Here, we investigated the interaction between Klotho and(More)
Increased basic fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2) and reduced Klotho have both been reported to be closely associated with renal fibrosis. However, the relationship between Klotho and FGF2 remains unclear. We demonstrate that FGF2 induced tubulo-epithelial plasticity in cultured HK-2 cells, accompanied by a reduction in Klotho expression, whereas(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) can be mobilized by cytokines and recruited to sites of neovascularization and neointima, where they differentiate into mature endothelial cells. It is thought that stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha) is involved in ischemia-mediated mobilization and homing of EPCs and in vascular injury-mediated(More)
Renal fibrosis is the most common outcome of chronic kidney disease (CKD), while the pathogenesis of renal fibrosis is not fully understood. In this study, we first showed that the progress of renal fibrosis was positively related to serum levels of indoxyl sulfate, a typical protein-bound toxin, and that there was a close correlation between serum indoxyl(More)
Chronic renal failure (CRF) markedly accelerates the development of atherosclerosis, but the pathogenesis of uremic atherosclerosis remains to be elucidated. The klotho gene, predominantly expressed in the kidney, plays a key role in regulating aging and the development of age-related diseases in mammals. A loss of klotho results in multiple aging-like(More)
Human defensin 5 (HD5) is a broad-spectrum antibacterial peptide with a C-terminal active region. To promote the development of this peptide into an antibiotic, we initially substituted Glu21 with Arg because it is an electronegative residue located around the active region. Although detrimental to dimer formation, the E21R substitution markedly enhanced(More)
Indoxyl sulfate (IS), a common kind of uremic toxin, is considered as a risk factor for aggravating endothelial function in CKD patients due to its oxidative activity. The anti-aging protein Klotho, which is produced by the kidneys and down-regulated in uremic conditions, has the ability to resist oxidative stress. Here, we carried out an in vitro study to(More)
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), a CXCR4-bearing cell line, are thought to positively influence reendothelialization, vascular repair, and angiogenesis. AMD3100, a highly selective antagonist of stromal cell derived factor (SDF)-1 that binds to its receptor, CXCR4, has been shown to induce rapid mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells in mice, dogs,(More)
The aim was to explore the effects of rapamycin on autophagy and injury of podocytes in streptozocin (STZ)-induced type 1 diabetic mice, and its role in delaying progression of diabetic nephropathy. In this study, male Balb/c mice were divided into three groups: control (n = 12), STZ-induced diabetic (n = 12), and rapamycin-treated diabetic (DM + Rapa) (n =(More)
Estrogen induces endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) migration and proliferation, which may serve as a potential target for coronary artery disease, but the mechanisms are unclear. We hypothesized that estrogen receptors (ERs) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathway, which represent particularly important roles of action for estrogen, may(More)