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There were few reports on the antioxidant response of aquatic organisms exposed to 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP). This research explored the hepatic antioxidant responses of fish to long-term exposure of 2,4-DCP for the first time. Freshwater fish Carassius auratus were chosen as experimental animals. The fish were exposed to six different concentrations of(More)
Complement receptor 3 (CR3) activation in microglia is involved in neuroinflammation-related brain disorders and pruning of neuronal synapses. Hypoxia, often observed together with neuroinflammation in brain trauma, stroke, and neurodegenerative diseases, is thought to exacerbate inflammatory responses and synergistically enhance brain damage. Here we show(More)
Copper bioavailability in the tissues of goldfish and antioxidant defenses in the liver of fish were investigated in vivo following 40 days of exposure to different species of copper solutions at different concentrations. Copper seemed to be more concentrated in the gill than in the liver after Cu(2+) and copper-ethylenediaminetetraacetate (Cu-EDTA)(More)
HC Orange No. 1 (CAS No. 54381-08-7, 2-nitro-4'-hydroxydiphenylamine) is used as a color additive in hair dyes. In this study, laboratory experiment was carried out to determine HC Orange No. 1 bioaccumulation and oxidative stress in the liver of freshwater fish, goldfish Carassius auratus. Fish were exposed to different concentrations (0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5,(More)
Wild and cultivated varieties of Camellia oleifera Abel. were studied for the response of their photosynthetic apparatus to Al toxicity and low-P stress in pot experiments with medium of acidic red soil. The effect was measured using physiological processes (growth, photosynthesis, chlorophyll a fluorescence), and pigment contents. The results showed that(More)
Curcumin, a naturally occurring antioxidant, has various beneficial effects in the treatment of human diseases. However, little information regarding the protection it provides against acute liver injury is available. The present study investigated the protective effects of curcumin against D-galactosamine (D-GalN)/lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the antioxidant capacities of seven natural pigments including the fat-soluble pigments curcumin, lycopene, lutein and β-carotene and water-soluble pigments--betalain, capsanthin and cyanidin-3-rutinoside relative to a commonly-used synthetic food antioxidant BHA. The antioxidant capacities of seven pigments and BHA(More)
This paper studied the hydroxy radical generation and oxidative stress in the liver of goldfish Carassius auratus under the effect of pyrene. Fish were exposed to different concentrations (0.001, 0.005, 0.01, 0.05 and 0.1 mg/L) of pyrene for 10 days, with one group assigned as control. Based on the hyperfine splitting constants and shape of the electron(More)
Shigella flexneri is an important human pathogen that causes dysentery, and remains a significant threat to public health, particularly in developing countries. The virulence of this pathogen is dependent on an acquired virulence plasmid. To investigate the crosstalk between the bacterial chromosome and the exogenous virulence plasmid, a virulence(More)
PURPOSE Delayed auditory feedback (DAF) is known to induce stuttering-like disfluencies (SLDs) and cause speech rate reductions in normally fluent adults, but the reason for speech disruptions is not fully known, and individual variation has not been well characterized. Studying individual variation in susceptibility to DAF may identify factors that(More)