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Sjogren's syndrome (SS) is a systemic autoimmune disease that involves reduced salivary secretions. Recently, circulating autoantibodies from SS patients against the type 3 muscarinic cholinergic receptor (M3R) has been reported in the sera of SS patients. However, the role of these autoantibodies in the development of SS has not been elucidated. In this(More)
A facile one-pot hydrothermal approach to synthesizing Fe3O4@Au composite nanoparticles (CNPs) for dual-mode magnetic resonance (MR) and computed tomography (CT) imaging applications is reported. In this work, polyethyleneimine (PEI) partially modified with poly(ethylene glycol) monomethyl ether (mPEG) was used as a stabilizer to form gold NPs(More)
We report a facile polyethyleneimine (PEI)-mediated approach to synthesizing folic acid (FA)-targeted magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4 NPs) for in vivo magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of tumors. In this study, stable PEI-coated Fe3O4 NPs were prepared by a one-pot hydrothermal route. The aminated Fe3O4 NPs with PEI coating enabled covalent(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a ligand-activated transcription factor that responds to environmental toxicants, is increasingly recognized as a key player in embryogenesis and tumorigenesis. Here we show that a variety of tryptophan derivatives that act as endogenous AhR ligands can affect the transcription level of the master pluripotency factor(More)
We recently found that the concentration of HCO3- in guinea-pig saliva is very similar to that of human saliva; however, the entity that regulates HCO3- transport has not yet been fully characterized. In order to investigate the mechanism of HCO3- transport, we identified, cloned, and characterized a sodium bicarbonate (Na(+)/HCO3- cotransporter found in(More)
Osteoimmunolgy involves the interaction of the immune system with skeletal elements. This interaction can lead to the formation of osseous lesions. To investigate how the acquired immune response could contribute to osteolytic lesions, we injected the periodontal pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis adjacent to calvarial bone with or without prior immunization(More)
We report a polyethyleneimine (PEI)-mediated approach to synthesizing hyaluronic acid (HA)-targeted magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4 NPs) for in vivo targeted tumor magnetic resonance (MR) imaging applications. In this work, Fe3O4 NPs stabilized by PEI were first synthesized via a one-pot hydrothermal method. The formed PEI-stabilized Fe3O4 NPs were(More)
Development of multifunctional theranostic nanoplatforms for diagnosis and therapy of cancer still remains a great challenge. In this work, we report the use of hyaluronic acid-modified Fe3O4@Au core/shell nanostars (Fe3O4@Au-HA NSs) for tri-mode magnetic resonance (MR), computed tomography (CT), and thermal imaging and photothermal therapy of tumors. In(More)
The synthesis and characterization of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) entrapped within polyethylene glycol (PEG)-modified polyethylenimine (PEI) for blood pool and tumor computed tomography (CT) imaging are reported. In this approach, partially PEGylated PEI was used as a template for AuNP synthesis, followed by acetylating the PEI remaining surface amines. The(More)
This article reports a new approach for the synthesis of ultrasmall iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) conjugated with Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-modified dendrimers (G5.NHAc-RGD-Fe3O4 NPs) as a platform for targeted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of C6 glioma cells. Ultrasmall Fe3O4 NPs synthesized via a solvothermal route were conjugated with RGD peptide-modified(More)