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The plant hormone auxin plays a critical role in regulating various aspects of plant growth and development, and the spatial accumulation of auxin within organs, which is primarily attributable to local auxin biosynthesis and polar transport, is largely responsible for lateral organ morphogenesis and the establishment of plant architecture. Here, we show(More)
Although the field of polymer solar cell has seen much progress in device performance in the past few years, several limitations are holding back its further development. For instance, current high-efficiency (>9.0%) cells are restricted to material combinations that are based on limited donor polymers and only one specific fullerene acceptor. Here we(More)
The overexpression of CoA transferase (ctfAB), which catalyzes the reaction: acetate/butyrate + acetoacetyl-CoA → acetyl/butyryl-CoA + acetoacetate, was studied for its effects on acid reassimilation and butanol biosynthesis in Clostridium tyrobutyricum (Δack, adhE2). The plasmid pMTL007 was used to co-express adhE2 and ctfAB from Clostridium acetobutylicum(More)
BACKGROUND Clostridium acetobutylicum, a gram-positive and spore-forming anaerobe, is a major strain for the fermentative production of acetone, butanol and ethanol. But a previously isolated hyper-butanol producing strain C. acetobutylicum EA 2018 does not produce spores and has greater capability of solvent production, especially for butanol, than the(More)
BACKGROUND Research suggests that Chinese religious believers are more likely to commit suicide than those identifying as non-religious among rural young adults, contrary to findings in Western countries. However, one cannot conclude that religiosity is associated with elevated suicide risk without examining the effect of political and religious beliefs in(More)
Previous numerical simulations on low-density lipoprotein (LDL) concentration polarization in the arterial system indicated that LDL concentration polarization might play an important role in the genesis and development of atherosclerosis. To date, no in vivo experiments have examined this question directly, and the molecular mechanisms are unknown. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Contribution of cardiovascular disease related genetic risk factors for stroke are not clearly defined. We performed a genetic association study to assess the association of 56 previously characterized gene variants in 34 candidate genes from cardiovascular disease related biological pathways with ischemic stroke and cerebral hemorrhage in a(More)
The association of a 45-bp insertion/deletion (UCP2-45 bp I/D) polymorphism in uncoupling protein 2 with body mass index (BMI) remains controversial. A case–control study was conducted to examine the association in a Chinese population. The 1,526 subjects recruited in downtown Beijing and genotyped included 616 obese subjects with BMI >28 and 910 age- and(More)
Inflammatory mechanisms are important in stroke risk, and genetic variations in components of the inflammatory response have been implicated as risk factors for stroke. We tested the inflammatory gene polymorphisms and their association with ischemic stroke in a Chinese Han population. A total of 1,124 ischemic stroke cases and 1,163 controls were genotyped(More)
Causes of disuse atrophy include loss of upper motor neurons, which occurs in spinal cord injury (SCI) or lower motor neurons (denervation). Whereas denervation quickly results in muscle fibrillations, SCI causes delayed onset of muscle spasticity. To compare the influence of denervation or SCI on muscle atrophy and atrophy-related gene expression, male(More)