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PURPOSE There is currently no standard treatment strategy for patients with advanced metastatic gastric cancer experiencing progression after two or more lines of chemotherapy. We assessed the efficacy and safety of apatinib, a novel vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor, in patients with advanced gastric or(More)
Increasing evidence demonstrates that miRNAs are involved in the dysregulation of tumor initiating cells (TICs) in various tumors. Due to a lack of definitive markers, cell sorting is not an ideal separation method for lung adenocarcinoma initiating cells. In this study, we combined paclitaxel with serum-free medium cultivation (inverse-induction) to enrich(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this article is to present preliminary results of simultaneous boost irradiation radiotherapy for locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS Fifty-eight patients who underwent simultaneous boost irradiation radiotherapy for NPC in Cancer Center of Sun Yat-sen University between September 2004 and December 2009 were(More)
Angiogenesis plays an essential role in the growth and metastasis of a number of tumors. Anti-angiogenic drugs are able to normalize tumor vasculature and inhibit tumor growth. Therefore, it has been hypothesized that the combination of cytotoxic chemotherapy drugs and angiogenesis inhibitors may exert complementary therapeutic benefits in the treatment of(More)
The latest progress in research on constituents and pharmacological activities of sarcotestas of Ginkgo biloba has been studied. The main constituents in sarcotestas of G. biloba include flavones, ginkgolides, alkylphenols, polysaccharides and amino acids, etc. They show the following activities, such as bacteriostatic, bactericidal and pesticidal(More)
Phosphorescence and optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) spectra of tryptophan (W) and several of its analogues (4-, 5-, 6-methyltryptophan (MeW); 4-, 5-, 6-fluorotryptophan (FW); 5-bromotryptophan) are compared with those of complexes formed with the W-free trp aporepressor from Escherichia coli (W19,99F). W19,99F binds W and each analogue except(More)
In this study, a fibrous scaffold was prepared by electrospinning triblock PCL-PEG-PCL (PCEC) copolymer. Afterwards, in vitro biomimetic mineralization was carried out through incubation of the PCEC fibrous mats in a simulated body fluid (SBF) for different time. The apatite-deposited PCEC composite scaffolds were characterized by using Fourier-transform(More)
While chitosan (CS) has been researched widely as a non-viral vector, its usefulness has been limited by its low cell specificity and transfection efficiency. Therefore, we successfully synthesized galactosylated chitosan (GC) and complexed it with an enhanced green fluorescent protein plasmid (pIRES-EGFP) for transfection into cultured H22 cells (murine(More)
Chitosan is of importance for the elimination of heavy metals due to their outstanding characteristics such as the presence of NH2 and -OH functional groups, non-toxicity, low cost and, large available quantities. Modifying a chitosan structure with -COOH group improves it in terms of solubility at pH ≤7 without affecting the aforementioned characteristics.(More)
Urachal carcinoma (UrC) is a rare but highly malignant epithelial cancer and commonly found in the urachal remnant which connects the dome of the bladder to the umbilicus via the ligamentum commune. Because of the specificity of the tumor location and its rarity, the diagnosis of UrC is often difficult. Although surgery is the treatment of choice for UrC,(More)