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The purpose of the study is to better understand the antischistosomal properties of artemether, praziquantel, and ozonide (OZ) compounds (synthetic trioxolanes, secondary ozonides) in hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) model. A total of 230 male hamsters infected each with 100 Schistosoma japonicum cercariae were used in the study. Groups of five to ten(More)
The purpose of the study is to explore the efficacy of mefloquine administered orally at single, multiple doses, or in combination with artesuante, artemether, or praziquantel in mouse--Schistosoma japonicum model. A total of 205 mice were divided into 4 batches and each batch of mice was infected percutaneously with 40 S. japonicum cercariae for 35 days.(More)
In an effort to further understand the pharmacology of sigma receptors, we have cloned the rat homolog of the sigma1 receptor. We isolated a cDNA clone (rs2-2) from rat brain tissue using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and 5' and 3' rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) that encoded a full-length sequence of 223 amino acids. The(More)
AIM To compare the antischistosomal effect of racemic praziquantel (Pra) and its enantiomers, levopraziquantel (L-Pra) and dextropraziquantel (D-Pra), on different developmental stages of Schistosoma japonicum. METHODS The in vitro effects of the drugs were determined in different stages of schistosomes maintained in RPMI 1640 supplemented with 20% calf(More)
Antischistosomal properties of mefloquine against Schistosoma japonicum have been further studied. A total of 260 mice were divided into four batches, and three batches of them were infected percutaneously with 40 S. japonicum cercariae. In the remaining batch, mice were infected with 20, 40, or 80 S. japonicum cercariae. Other 45 hamster, divided into two(More)
Mefloquine, an antimalarial drug, has been found to be effective against various stages of schistosomes in vivo. The purpose of the study is to explore the in vitro effect of mefloquine against adult and juvenile Schistosoma japonicum and to compare its efficacy with praziquantel. Three-hour-old schistosomula were prepared by penetrating the mouse skin with(More)
We conducted experiments in vitro to assess the effect of artemether in combination with haemin on adult Schistosoma japonicum, S. mansoni and S. haematobium. When schistosomes were maintained in a medium containing artemether at concentrations of 20 micrograms/mL or less for 72 h, no apparent effect on the schistosomes was seen. When the medium contained(More)
Praziquantel and artemether are safe and efficacious antischistosomal drugs that act against different developmental stages of the parasite: praziquantel against adult worms and artemether against schistosomula. A combined treatment has been suggested as a strategy for transmission control. Recent laboratory experiments with rabbits with a mixed infection(More)