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Successful embryo implantation depends on intricate epithelial-stromal cross-talk. However, molecular modulators involved in this cellular communication remain poorly elucidated. Using multiple approaches, we have investigated the spatiotemporal expression and regulation of serine protease inhibitor Kazal type 3 (SPINK3) in mouse uterus during the estrous(More)
For many breast cancer patients, human chorionic gonadotropin beta (hCGβ), which is a subunit of a hormone produced by the trophoblast and is essential for maintaining pregnancy, is expressed in the breast cancer cells. However, the mechanism as to how the CGβ in cell affects the cancer development is not very clear. Mouse breast carcinoma 4T1 with stably(More)
To investigate the possible mechanisms by which interferon gamma (IFNgamma) affects pregnancy, the expression of class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens and cleavage of DNA that is a hallmark of apoptosis in the placenta were examined by molecular biochemical techniques, and progesterone levels were examined by radioimmunoassay. The(More)
Previously we have screened out Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein 7 (IGFBP7) as a differentially expressed gene in post-implantation uterus versus pre-implantation uterus by suppressive subtractive hybridation. However its function in uterus was not clearly identified. In this research, the expression and function of IGFBP7 during post-implantation(More)
Chorionic gonadotropin (CG) is a placental derived hormone that plays a crucial role in successful implantation and establishment of early pregnancy in the primates. The rhesus monkey was chosen as a model to understand the feasibility of developing human DNA immuno-contraceptive. The coding region of rhesus monkey CG β-subunit (rmCGβ) was isolated by the(More)
BACKGROUND The retinoic acid metabolizing enzyme Cyp26a1 plays a pivotal role in vertebrate embryo development. Cyp26a1 was characterized previously as a differentially expressed gene in peri-implantation rat uteri via suppressive subtracted hybridization analysis. However, the role of Cyp26a1 in rat embryo implantation remained elusive. METHODS The(More)
Vitamin A (VA) is required for normal fetal development and successful pregnancy. Excessive VA intake during pregnancy may lead to adverse maternal and fetal effects. Cytochrome P450 26A1 (cyp26a1), a retinoic acid (RA)-metabolizing enzyme, is involved in VA metabolism. It has been shown that cyp26a1 is expressed in female reproductive tract, especially in(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether apoptosis in placenta was affected by IFNgamma, which can induce abortion, and whether the effect of IFNgamma on apoptosis resulted from an intrinsic program of apoptosis, which was regulated by Bcl-2 and Bax. DNA fragmentation analysis indicated that cleavage of DNA into 180 bp and its polymers were(More)
After insemination, a large number of leukocytes migrate into the uterus, which is accompanied by intense inflammation. However, the details of how seminal plasma interacts with the uterus are still not very clear. Here, we present that neutrophils migrate and accumulate around the uterine epithelium following insemination, which is accompanied by an(More)
Nucleocapsid protein plays a critical role in SARS-CoV pathogenesis, and high-level anti-nucleocapsid antibodies are detected in the patients infected by severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV). Several studies have shown that there exists an interaction between nucleocapsid (N) and membrane (M) protein. In this paper, we(More)