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Neuroinflammation and abnormal phosphorylation of TAU proteins have been implicated in the etiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Several studies have suggested the G-308A promoter polymorphism in one of the proinflammatory cytokine genes tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) encoding TNF-alpha may be associated with AD pathogenesis. Association between(More)
Since their arrival in the Tibetan Plateau during the Neolithic Age, Tibetans have been well-adapted to extreme environmental conditions and possess genetic variation that reflect their living environment and migratory history. To investigate the origin of Tibetans and the genetic basis of adaptation in a rigorous environment, we genotyped 30 Tibetan(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNA molecules that serve as important post-transcriptional gene expression regulators by targeting messenger RNAs for post-transcriptional endonucleolytic cleavage or translational inhibition. miRNAs play important roles in many biological processes. Extensive high-throughput sequencing studies of miRNAs(More)
We isolated and characterized a new Pseudomonas aeruginosa myovirus named PaP1. The morphology of this phage was visualized by electron microscopy and its genome sequence and ends were determined. Finally, genomic and proteomic analyses were performed. PaP1 has an icosahedral head with an apex diameter of 68-70 nm and a contractile tail with a length of(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical characteristics of idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (IVF) with fragmented QRS complex (f-QRS) and J wave in resting electrocardiogram. METHODS We reviewed data from 21 case subjects in our hospital who were resuscitated after cardiac arrest due to IVF and assessed the prevalence of f-QRS and J wave in resting(More)
p33ING2 is a novel candidate tumor suppressor, which has been shown to be involved in the regulation of gene transcription, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis in a p53-dependent manner for maintaining the genomic stability. Previously, we showed that p33ING2 promoted UV-induced apoptosis in human melanoma cells. To further reveal the role of p33ING2 in(More)
A functional polymorphism of mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase gene (ALDH2 1/2 polymorphism) can influence the accumulation of acetaldehyde which may have a role in Alzheimer's disease (AD), and is widely prevalent among Mongoloids. Therefore ALDH2 1/2 polymorphism may represent a good candidate for genetic risk factors for AD, especially in East Asian.(More)
Toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems are small genetic modules that are widely distributed in the genomes of bacteria and archaea and have been proposed to fulfill numerous functions. Here, we describe the identification and characterization of a type II TA system, comprising the hicAB locus in the human opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The hicAB(More)
The mucosal surface of intestine is continuously exposed to both potential pathogens and beneficial commensal microorganisms. Recent findings suggest that intestinal epithelial cells, which once considered as a simple physical barrier, are a crucial cell lineage necessary for maintaining intestinal immune homeostasis. Therefore, establishing a stable and(More)
The objective of this study was to develop an efficient regeneration and transformation protocol for cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Cotyledonary node explants showed a very high regeneration frequency (94.3 %) when incubated on Murashige and Skoog medium (MS) supplemented with 1.5 mg l−1 6-benzyladenine (BA). An Agrobacterium-mediated transformation(More)