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PURPOSE This randomized, multicenter, blinded, placebo-controlled phase III trial tested the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab (BV) with gemcitabine and carboplatin (GC) compared with GC in platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian, primary peritoneal, or fallopian tube cancer (ROC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with platinum-sensitive ROC (recurrence ≥ 6(More)
BACKGROUND Outcomes are poor for patients with previously treated, advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The anti-programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) antibody atezolizumab is clinically active against cancer, including NSCLC, especially cancers expressing PD-L1 on tumour cells, tumour-infiltrating immune cells, or both. We assessed(More)
The Arabidopsis thaliana somatic embryogenesis receptor kinases (SERKs) consist of five members, SERK1 to SERK5, of the leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinase subfamily II (LRR-RLK II). SERK3 was named BRI1-Associated Receptor Kinase 1 (BAK1) due to its direct interaction with the brassinosteroid (BR) receptor BRI1 in vivo, while SERK4 has also been(More)
PURPOSE Mutations of the K-ras gene were identified as a prognostic marker in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). In addition, emerging data suggest that K-ras mutations are a negative predictor of clinical benefit from anti-epidermal growth factor receptor treatment in mCRC. Previously reported data suggest that the longer overall survival (OS) observed(More)
Mutations in gigaxonin were identified in giant axonal neuropathy (GAN), an autosomal recessive disorder. To understand how disruption of gigaxonin's function leads to neurodegeneration, we ablated the gene expression in mice using traditional gene targeting approach. Progressive neurological phenotypes and pathological lesions that developed in the GAN(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to detect aberrant p16 promoter methylation in the serum of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and to explore the possibility of using this assay in early detection or as a prognostic marker of CRC patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Methylation-specific PCR was used to detect p16 methylation in DNA extracted from 52 CRCs and(More)
The thyroid receptor interacting protein-6 (TRIP6) was first identified as a ligand-dependent binding partner for the thyroid hormone receptor in a yeast two-hybrid screen. A partial TRIP6 cDNA clone that was isolated in the initial screen encodes two copies of the LIM domain. The LIM domain is a double zinc-finger structure that mediates protein-protein(More)
We have developed genetically encoded fluorescent sensors for reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH), which manifest a large change in fluorescence upon NADH binding. We demonstrate the utility of these sensors in mammalian cells by monitoring the dynamic changes in NADH levels in subcellular organelles as affected by NADH transport, glucose(More)
SIGNIFICANCE Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are not only essential for the cell's normal functions, but also mediate many pathological effects. When cells experience oxidative stress, proteins are modulated by redox changes and ultimately generate novel signaling patterns. It remains elusive how proteins are modulated, rather than simply damaged, by ROS and(More)
Although arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) induces apoptosis in a relatively wide spectrum of tumors, the sensitivity of different cell types to this treatment varies to a great extent. Because reactive oxygen species (ROS) are critically involved in As(2)O(3)-induced apoptosis, we attempted to explore the possibility that elevating the cellular ROS level might(More)