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Proteome-scale protein interaction maps are available for many organisms, ranging from bacteria, yeast, worms and flies to humans. These maps provide substantial new insights into systems biology, disease research and drug discovery. However, only a small fraction of the total number of human protein-protein interactions has been identified. In this study,(More)
Drought and salt stress severely inhibit plant growth and development; however, the regulatory mechanisms of plants in response to these stresses are not fully understood. Here we report that the expression of a WRKY transcription factor WRKY46 is rapidly induced by drought, salt and oxidative stresses. T-DNA insertion of WRKY46 leads to more sensitivity to(More)
Ufd2 is a U-box-containing ubiquitylation enzyme that promotes ubiquitin chain assembly on substrates. The physiological function of Ufd2 remains poorly understood. Here, we show that ubiquitylation and degradation of the cell cycle kinase Mps1, a known target of the anaphase-promoting complex E3, require Ufd2 enzyme. Yeast cells lacking UFD2 exhibit(More)
Previously, we defined SCY1-like 1 binding protein 1 (SCYL1-BP1) to be a substrate of Pirh2 that binds to mouse double minute gene number 2 (MDM2). In the current study, we found that an increase in SCYL1-BP1 protein levels caused a parallel change in the amount of p53 protein due to the inhibition by SCYL-BP1 of MDM2-mediated p53 ubiquitination. SCYL1-BP1(More)
Trefoil family factor 2 (TFF2), also known as spasmolytic peptide, is a low-molecular-weight protein that is upregulated in gastric tissues infected with Helicobacter or having other inflammatory conditions, but a precise function is yet to be elucidated. The role of TFF2 in the development of gastritis, colitis, and inflammatory cytokine responses was(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of short-term forest bathing on human health. METHODS Twenty healthy male university students participated as subjects and were randomly divided into two groups of 10. One group was sent on a two-night trip to a broad-leaved evergreen forest, and the other was sent to a city area. Serum cytokine levels reflecting(More)
The SCY1-like 1 binding protein 1 (SCYL1-BP1) protein was identified as an interacting partner of E3 ligase p53-induced RING H2 protein (Pirh2) and mouse double minute gene number 2 (MDM2) by yeast two-hybrid screening. Further investigation suggested there are two interactions involved in different mechanisms. SCYL1-BP1 can be ubiquitinated and degraded by(More)
We report a polymer-stabilised blue-phase liquid crystal (BPLC) in an in-plane-switching (IPS) cell with negligible hysteresis and good stability. Long ultraviolet (UV) wavelength and top-side (no IPS electrode) exposure create uniform polymer network, which in turn helps to suppress hysteresis. The effect of photoinitiator is also investigated. Although a(More)
It is well established that mitochondrial fragmentation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Mitochondrial fission is mediated by dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), which is highly expressed in nervous system and regulated by various posttranslational modifications including phosphorylation. We identified glycogen synthase kinase(More)
alpha-Arbutin has huge application potentials in the cosmetic industry, as its inhibitory effect on human tyrosinase is stronger than that of its naturally occurring anomer arbutin (4-hydroxyphenyl beta-D-glucopyranoside). Enzymatic synthesis was preferred for alpha-arbutin previously, and now a new chemical synthesis is reported. The reaction of(More)