Learn More
BACKGROUND Neuroapoptosis is induced by the administration of anesthetic agents to the young. As alpha2 adrenoceptor signaling plays a trophic role during development and is neuroprotective in several settings of neuronal injury, the authors investigated whether dexmedetomidine could provide functional protection against isoflurane-induced injury. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative cognitive dysfunction is being increasingly reported as a complication. The authors investigated the role of cytokine-mediated inflammation within the central nervous system in the development of cognitive dysfunction in a rat model. METHODS Adult rats were subjected to neuroleptic anesthesia (20 microg/kg fentanyl plus 500(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that the Bcl-2 family proteins play pivotal roles in regulation of the mitochondria cell-death pathway on transient cerebral ischemia. Bad, a BH3-only proapoptotic Bcl-2 family protein, has been shown to be phosphorylated extensively on serine by kinds of kinases. However, the exact mechanisms of the upstream kinases in(More)
OBJECTIVE Elderly patients undergoing major surgery often develop cognitive dysfunction and the mechanism of this postoperative complication remains elusive. We sought to determine whether postoperative cognitive dysfunction in old mice is associated with the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. DESIGN Prospective, randomized study. SETTING University(More)
The mortality rate from acute kidney injury after major cardiovascular operations can be as high as 60%, and no therapies have been proved to prevent acute kidney injury in this setting. Here, we show that preconditioning with the anesthetic gas xenon activates hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1alpha) and its downstream effectors erythropoietin and(More)
Co-activation of GABA A and GABA B receptors results in neuroprotection during in vitro ischemia. However, it is unclear whether this mode of action is responsible for its neuroprotective effects in animal models of ischemia in vivo, and the precise mechanisms are also unknown. This study compared the neuroprotective efficacies of muscimol, a GABA A(More)
Phospholipase C (PLC)-beta enzymes (isoenzymes beta 1-beta 4) are activated by G protein subunits, leading to the generation of intracellular messengers which mobilize calcium and activate protein kinase C. It has recently been recognized that these enzymes interact with and are regulated by proteins other than G proteins. Using the yeast two-hybrid(More)
An H10N9 avian influenza virus (AIV) strain, A/Chicken/Jiangsu/RD5/2013, was isolated in China. The hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) genes in this strain originated from H10N1 and H7N9 AIVs, respectively, and the other genes derived from H7N3 AIVs. Sequence analysis implies that the H10N9 AIV may be an NA gene donor for the human H7N9 influenza(More)
Numerous studies have demonstrated the neuroprotective effects of estrogen in experimental cerebral ischemia. To investigate molecular mechanisms of estrogen neuroprotection in global ischemia, immunoblotting, immunohistochemistry and Nissel-staining analysis were used. Our results showed that chronic pretreatment with beta-estradiol 3-benzoate (E2)(More)
Thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency (TD) causes mild impairment of oxidative metabolism and region-selective neuronal loss in the central nervous system (CNS). TD in animals has been used to model aging-associated neurodegeneration in the brain. The mechanisms of TD-induced neuron death are complex, and it is likely multiple mechanisms interplay and contribute(More)