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Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease. Alpha-synuclein aggregation, which can activate microglia to enhance its dopaminergic neurotoxicity, plays a central role in the progression of PD. However the mechanism is still unclear. To investigate how alpha-synuclein affects the neuron, exosomes were derived from alpha-synuclein(More)
The relationship between severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (SMEI or Dravet syndrome) and the related syndrome SMEI-borderland (SMEB) with mutations in the sodium channel alpha 1 subunit gene SCN1A is well established. To explore the phenotypic variability associated with SCN1A mutations, 188 patients with a range of epileptic encephalopathies were(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM MicroRNA-375 (miR-375) is frequently demonstrated to be frequently dysregulated and functions as a tumor suppressor or an oncogene in different cancer types. However, its roles in human gliomas have not been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression pattern and clinical significance of miR-375 in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Neonatal colon irritation (CI; pain or inflammation) given for 2 weeks prior to postnatal day 22 (PND22), causes long-lasting functional disorders in rats that can be seen 6 months after the initial insult. This study looked at the effect of varying the frequency and duration of neonatal CI on the rate of growth, digestive outcomes, exploratory(More)
Plant receptor-like kinases (RLKs) are a group of conserved signaling components that regulate developmental programs and responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. However, only limited information is available on the functions of RLKs in bryophytes. Here, we described the isolation and functional characterization of a RLK gene (PnRLK-1) from the Antarctic(More)
Antioxidant transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) has been shown in our previous studies to play an important role in protection against spinal cord injury (SCI) induced inflammatory response. The objective of this study was to test whether curcumin, a novel Nrf2 activator, can protect the spinal cord against SCI-induced(More)
The objective of this study was to develop an efficient regeneration and transformation protocol for cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Cotyledonary node explants showed a very high regeneration frequency (94.3 %) when incubated on Murashige and Skoog medium (MS) supplemented with 1.5 mg l−1 6-benzyladenine (BA). An Agrobacterium-mediated transformation(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of exercise training on the characteristics of long-term potentiation (LTP) and N-methyl-D aspartate (NMDA) receptor channels in the hippocampal CA3 neurons of rats with cerebral infarction. Wistar rats were randomly allocated into the model without any training and rehabilitation with exercise(More)
Our previous studies have demonstrated that mice with reduced or absent serotonin transporter (SERT+/- and SERT-/- mice, respectively) are more sensitive to stress relative to their SERT normal littermates (SERT+/+ mice). The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and its feedback regulation(More)
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by extracellular β-amyloid (Aβ) plaques, neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), and microglia-dominated neuroinflammation. The Nogo/NgR signal pathway is involved in AD pathological features, but the detailed mechanism needs further investigation. Our previous studies have confirmed that the activation of NgR on microglia(More)