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It has been demonstrated that inhaled fine (d < 2.5 microm) and ultrafine (d < 100 nm) particles produce more severe toxicity than coarse particles. Some recent data support the concept that the central nervous system (CNS) may be a target for the inhaled fine particulates. This work describes initial observation of the transport of intranasally instilled(More)
— In this paper, a group of low-complexity subspace tracking based pilot-aided channel estimation methods for orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) systems is studied. These methods are based on a parametric channel model where the channel response is characterized as a collection of sparse propagation paths. Considering the slow variations of(More)
We consider a cognitive radio system with one primary channel and one secondary user, and then we introduce a channel-usage pattern model and a fundamental access scheme in this system. Based on this model and fundamental access scheme, we study optimal opportunistic spectrum access problem and formulate it as an optimization problem that the secondary user(More)