Jing Suo

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Prostacyclin is an important mediator of peripheral pain sensation. Here, we investigated its potential participation in mediating neuropathic pain and found that prostacyclin receptor (IP) knockout mice exhibited markedly decreased pain behavior. Application of an IP antagonist to the injury site or selective IP deficiency in myeloid cells mimicked the(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is generated through phosphorylation of sphingosine by two sphingosine kinases (SPHK-1 and -2). As extra- and intracellular messenger S1P fulfils multiple roles in inflammation such as mediating proinflammatory inputs or acting as chemoattractant. In addition, S1P induces cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression and the synthesis of(More)
Peripheral sensitization during inflammatory pain is mediated by a variety of endogenous proalgesic mediators including a number of oxidized lipids, some of which serve endogenous modulators of sensory TRP-channels. These lipids are eicosanoids of the arachidonic acid and linoleic acid pathway, as well as lysophophatidic acids (LPAs). However, their(More)
Extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) are activated by the MAPK pathway. ERKs are downstream effectors of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which belongs to the receptor tyrosine kinases family. Studies on the activation of the EGFR-ERK pathway in Kazakh patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) have not been reported. Using(More)
Phospholipase C epsilon 1 (PLCE1) is a susceptibility gene in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Nevertheless, the role of PLCE1 in ESCC tumorigenesis has not been elucidated. In this study, we determined the function of PLCE1 and its regulatory microRNA (miRNA) in ESCC. PLCE1 protein was excessively expressed in ESCC and precancerous lesions(More)
FTY720 (fingolimod) is, after its phosphorylation by sphingosine kinase (SPHK) 2, a potent, non-selective sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptor agonist. FTY720 has been shown to reduce the nociceptive behavior in the paclitaxel model for chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain through downregulation of S1P receptor 1 (S1P1) in microglia of the spinal cord.(More)
Prostanoids, derivatives of arachidonic acid, are involved in inflammation and immune reactions. To understand the role of prostanoids produced by diverse immune cells, a highly sensitive quantitation method for prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), prostaglandin D2 (PGD2), 6-keto prostaglandin F1α (6-keto PGF1α), prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α), and thromboxane B2 (TXB2) by(More)
Platelets are well known for their role in hemostasis but are also increasingly recognized for their supporting role in innate immune responses. Here, we studied the role of platelets in the development of peripheral inflammation and found that platelets colocalize with macrophages in the inflamed tissue outside of blood vessels in different animal models(More)
Inflammatory pain is based on stimulation and sensitization of peripheral endings of sensory neurons (nociceptors) by pronociceptive mediators. These mediators can be released by resident cells, as well as invading immune cells. Although neutrophils are known to release various mediators, which can stimulate or sensitize nociceptors, the extent of their(More)
In this paper, hyper-entanglement on polarization and energy-time is generated based on a silicon micro-ring cavity. The silicon micro-ring cavity is placed in a fiber loop connected by a polarization beam splitter. Photon pairs are generated by the spontaneous four wave mixing (SFWM) in the cavity bi-directionally. The two photon states of photon pairs(More)