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Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades have been identified in various signaling pathways involved in plant development and stress responses. We identified a drought-hypersensitive mutant (drought-hypersensitive mutant1 [dsm1]) of a putative MAPK kinase kinase (MAPKKK) gene in rice (Oryza sativa). Two allelic dsm1 mutants were more sensitive than(More)
The outermost surfaces of plants are covered with an epicuticular wax layer that provides a primary waterproof barrier and protection against different environmental stresses. Glossy 1 (GL1) is one of the reported genes controlling wax synthesis. This study analyzed GL1-homologous genes in Oryza sativa and characterized the key members of this family(More)
Abiotic stresses such as drought cause a reduction of plant growth and loss of crop yield. Stomatal aperture controls CO(2) uptake and water loss to the atmosphere, thus playing important roles in both the yield gain and drought tolerance of crops. Here, a rice homologue of SRO (similar to RCD one), termed OsSRO1c, was identified as a direct target gene of(More)
Glandular trichomes from tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) and other species in the Solanaceae produce and secrete a mixture of O-acylsugars (aliphatic esters of sucrose and glucose) that contribute to insect defense. Despite their phylogenetic distribution and diversity, relatively little is known about how these specialized metabolites are synthesized. Mass(More)
Liver-specific microRNA-122 (miR-122) is involved in the replication of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and its potential as a target for antiviral intervention was recently assessed. However, the use of circulating miR-122 in the evaluation of liver function has never been reported. In the present study, changes of serum miRNA levels were first evaluated in acute(More)
Based on the comparative study of the DNA extracts from two soil samples obtained by three commercial DNA extraction kits, we evaluated the influence of the DNA quantity and purity indices (the absorbance ratios A260/280 and A260/230, as well as the absorbance value A320 indicating the amount of humic substances) on polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS In the United States, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is more common among Asians and African Americans than Caucasians, with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection accounting for up to half of the patients. Our study examined ethnicity as a potential risk factor for HCC among patients with chronic hepatitis C. METHODS We conducted a(More)
Right-censored time-to-event data are often observed from a cohort of prevalent cases that are subject to length-biased sampling. Informative right censoring of data from the prevalent cohort within the population often makes it difficult to model risk factors on the unbiased failure times for the general population, because the observed failure times are(More)
BACKGROUND Malignancy-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) in adults is a highly lethal disorder. Knowledge gaps have resulted in under diagnosis or delayed diagnosis. METHODS The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center pathology database (1991-2014) was retrospectively interrogated for the keywords "hemophagocytosis" and/or(More)
BACKGROUND The last case of infection with wild-type poliovirus indigenous to China was reported in 1994, and China was certified as a poliomyelitis-free region in 2000. In 2011, an outbreak of infection with imported wild-type poliovirus occurred in the province of Xinjiang. METHODS We conducted an investigation to guide the response to the outbreak,(More)