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Buttyan found out a security flaw in Ariadne (Y.C. Hu, A. Perrig, andD. B. Johnson, "Ariadne: a secure on-demand routing protocol for ad hoc networks," in Proc. of the Eighth ACM hitl Conf. on Mobile Computing and Networking (MOBI.COM 2002), pp.23-28. Atlanta, GA.2002.) and proposed a secure routing protocol, EndairA (L. Buttyan, and I. Vajda, "Towards(More)
Wireless indoor positioning systems have become very popular in recent years. These systems have been successfully used in many applications such as asset tracking and inventory management. This paper provides an overview of the existing wireless indoor positioning solutions and attempts to classify different techniques and systems. Three typical location(More)
The returns earned by U.S. equities since 1926 exceed estimates derived from theory, from other periods and markets, and from surveys of institutional investors. Rather than examine historic experience, we estimate the equity premium from the discount rate that equates market valuations with prevailing expectations of future f lows. The accounting f lows we(More)
Sparse representation-based classifier (SRC), a combined result of machine learning and compressed sensing, shows its good classification performance on face image data. However, SRC could not well classify the data with the same direction distribution. The same direction distribution means that the sample vectors belonging to different classes distribute(More)
In this paper, multiagent systems and genetic algorithms are integrated to form a new algorithm, multiagent genetic algorithm (MAGA), for solving the global numerical optimization problem. An agent in MAGA represents a candidate solution to the optimization problem in hand. All agents live in a latticelike environment, with each agent fixed on a(More)
Our previous studies have demonstrated that stable microRNAs (miRNAs) in mammalian serum and plasma are actively secreted from tissues and cells and can serve as a novel class of biomarkers for diseases, and act as signaling molecules in intercellular communication. Here, we report the surprising finding that exogenous plant miRNAs are present in the sera(More)
CONTEXT The Framingham Heart Study helped to establish tools to assess coronary heart disease (CHD) risk, but the homogeneous nature of the Framingham population prevents simple extrapolation to other populations. Recalibration of Framingham functions could permit various regions of the world to adapt Framingham tools to local populations. OBJECTIVE To(More)
The induction of pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by defined factors is poorly understood stepwise. Here, we show that histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) methylation is the primary epigenetic determinant for the intermediate pre-iPSC state, and its removal leads to fully reprogrammed iPSCs. We generated a panel of stable pre-iPSCs that exhibit pluripotent properties(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) is an autosomal dominantly inherited, neurodegenerative disease caused by an expansion of polyglutamine tracts in the cytosolic protein ataxin-2 (Atx2). Cerebellar Purkinje cells (PCs) are predominantly affected in SCA2. The cause of PC degeneration in SCA2 is unknown. Here we demonstrate that mutant Atx2-58Q, but not(More)