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Many software tools have been developed for the automated identification of peptides from tandem mass spectra. The accuracy and sensitivity of the identification software via database search are critical for successful proteomics experiments. A new database search tool, PEAKS DB, has been developed by incorporating the de novo sequencing results into the(More)
Cell-secreted miRNAs are highly stable and can serve as biomarkers for various diseases and signaling molecules in intercellular communication. The mechanism underlying the stability of circulating miRNAs, however, remains incompletely understood. Here we show that Argonaute 2 (Ago2) complexes and microvesicles (MVs) provide specific and non-specific(More)
The study investigated the neurotoxicity of drinking water fluorosis in rat hippocampus. Just weaning male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were given 15, 30, 60 mg/L NaF solution and tap water for 9 months. The calcium ion concentration ([Ca(2+)]) in synaptosomes was measured by double wavelength fluorescence spectrophotometer and the expression level of nuclear(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are upstream gene regulators of plant development and hormone homeostasis through their directed cleavage or translational repression of the target mRNAs, which may play crucial roles in rice grain filling and determining the final grain weight and yield. In this study, high-throughput sequencing was performed to survey the dynamic(More)
24 nt-siRNAs are the most abundant small interfering RNAs in rice grains aside from microRNAs. To investigate the roles that 24 nt-siRNAs played in the poor grain filling of rice inferior grains, dynamic variations of 24 nt-siRNAs in inferior grains were compared with those of superior grains by using small RNA deep sequencing technology. The results showed(More)
Chalcones 1~8 and 5-deoxyflavonoids 9~22 were synthesized in good yields by aldol condensation, Algar-Flynn-Oyamada reaction, glycosidation, and deacetylation reaction, respectively, starting from 2-acetyl phenols substituted by methoxy or methoxymethoxy group and appropriately benzaldehydes substituted by methoxy, methoxymethoxy group, or chlorine. Among(More)
Similar disease phenotypes are engendered as a result of the modular nature of gene networks; thus we hypothesized that all human genetic disease phenotypes appear in similar modular styles. Network representations of phenotypes make it possible to explore this hypothesis. We investigated the modularity of a network of genetic disease phenotypes. We(More)
AIMS MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. Circulating miRNAs were recently identified as biomarkers for various physiological and pathological conditions. In this study, we aimed to identify the circulating miRNA fingerprint of vulnerable coronary artery disease (CAD) and explore its potential as a novel(More)
PURPOSE Myelin water fraction is conventionally measured from the T2 decay curve. Recently, a steady-state approach entitled multicomponent-driven equilibrium single pulse observation of T1 /T2 (mcDESPOT) was employed for myelin water fraction mapping. However, no direct comparison between the established multiecho T2 relaxation method and mcDESPOT has been(More)
Accurate prediction of survival of cancer patients is still a key open problem in clinical research. Recently, many large-scale gene expression clusterings have identified sets of genes reportedly predictive of prognosis; however, those gene sets shared few genes in common and were poorly validated using independent data. We have developed a systems(More)