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Strigolactones (SLs) are newly discovered plant hormones that regulate plant growth and development including shoot branching. They also stimulate symbiosis with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Rice has at least three genes that are involved in SL synthesis (D10, D17/HTD1 and D27) and at least two genes that are involved in SL signaling (D3) and SL signaling(More)
Exposure to rare earth elements (REEs) is known to impair intelligence in children and cause neurobehavioral abnormalities in animals. However, the mechanisms underlying these phenomena are not clear. Lanthanum is often used to study the effects of REEs. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of lanthanum chloride (LaCl3) on spatial learning(More)
Oxidative stress and apoptosis facilitation in the developing central nervous system (CNS) have been inferred as two mechanisms related to lead’s neurotoxicity, and excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) can promote oxidative stress and apoptosis facilitation. Few studies systematically investigated the potential relationship among oxidative stress, ROS(More)
Surveys have reported that rare-earth elements (REEs) could impair cognitive functions of children. Experimental studies have shown the neurological adverse effects of REEs on animals. However, the mechanism underlying these impairments is unclear. Lanthanum is often selected to study the effects of REEs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the(More)
Lanthanum chloride (LaCl3) can affect neurobehavioral development and impair cognitive abilities. The mechanism underlying LaCl3-induced neurotoxic effects is still unknown. The purpose of this research was to investigate the neuronal impairment induced by LaCl3 and discuss the possible mechanism from the aspects of the alteration of glutamate level,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of lanthanum on memory, and explore the corresponding mechanism from immediate early gene expression of cerebral cortex in rats. METHODS Female adult rats were divided into control, low, middle, and high dose lanthanum groups at random. Offspring of lanthanum groups were administrated with lanthanum from birth to(More)
Epidemiological investigations have indicated that aluminium (Al) is an important environmental neurotoxicant that may be involved in the aetiology of the cognitive dysfunction associated with neurodegenerative diseases. Additionally, exposure to Al is known to cause neurobehavioural abnormalities in animals. Previous studies demonstrated that Al impaired(More)
As a representative element of lanthanide, lanthanum has been widely used in various fields and eventually entered environment and accumulated in human body. Epidemiological and experimental evidences indicated that lanthanum has neurotoxicity; however, the detailed mechanism is still elusive. Here, we chose primary cerebral cortical neurons as model in(More)
BACKGROUND The novel chimeric open reading frame (orf) resulting from the rearrangement of a mitochondrial genome is generally thought to be a causal factor in the occurrence of cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS). Both positive and negative correlations have been found between CMS-associated orfs and the occurrence of CMS when CMS-associated orfs were(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of endogenous small non-coding RNAs involved in the post-transcriptional gene regulation and play a critical role in plant growth, development and stresses response. However less is known about miRNAs involvement in grafting behaviors, especially with the watermelon (Citrullus lanatus L.) crop, which is one of the most(More)