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In the present work, both 16S rRNA and pmoA gene-based PCR primers were employed successfully to study the diversity and distribution of n-damo bacteria in the surface and lower layer sediments at the coastal Mai Po wetland. The occurrence of n-damo bacteria in both the surface and subsurface sediments with high diversity was confirmed in this study. Unlike(More)
Proinflammatory cytokines inhibit learning and memory but the significance of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in acute cognitive deficits induced by the peripheral innate immune system is not known. To examine the functional role of IL-6 in hippocampus-mediated cognitive impairments associated with peripheral infections, C57BL6/J (IL-6(+/+)) and IL-6 knock-out(More)
Hemoproteins are critical for the function and integrity of aerobic cells. However, free heme is toxic. Therefore, cells must balance heme synthesis with its use. We previously demonstrated that the feline leukemia virus, subgroup C, receptor (FLVCR) exports cytoplasmic heme. Here, we show that FLVCR-null mice lack definitive erythropoiesis, have(More)
In this paper, we deal with the existence of infinitely many solutions for a class of sublinear Schrödinger equation −−u + V (x)u = f(x, u), x ∈ R N , u ∈ H 1 (R N). Under the assumptions that inf R N V (x) > 0 and f(x, t) is indefinite sign and sublinear as |t| → +∞, we establish some existence criteria to guarantee that the above problem has at least one(More)
Acute cognitive impairment (i.e., delirium) is common in elderly emergency department patients and frequently results from infections that are unrelated to the central nervous system. Since activation of the peripheral innate immune system induces brain microglia to produce inflammatory cytokines that are responsible for behavioral deficits, we investigated(More)
We have developed a flexible, accurate and highly multiplexed SNP genotyping assay for high-throughput genetic analysis of large populations on a bead array platform. The novel genotyping system combines high assay conversion rate and data quality with >1500 multiplexing, and Array of Arrays formats. Genotyping assay oligos corresponding to specific SNP(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs able to regulate a broad range of protein-coding genes involved in many biological processes. miR-96 is a sensory organ-specific miRNA expressed in the mammalian cochlea during development. Mutations in miR-96 cause nonsyndromic progressive hearing loss in humans and mice. The mouse mutant diminuendo has a single(More)
We created parabiotic mice, joining ROSA26 and PeP3b animals, to study the trafficking of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) from marrow to blood and their return to marrow. The transfer of HSCs was assayed by secondary marrow transplantation and was 1.0% to 2.5% after 3, 6, 8, and 12 weeks. Thus, HSC homeostasis is primarily maintained by the retention of(More)
Nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation (n-damo) process is unique in linking the microbial carbon and nitrogen cycles, but the presence of n-damo bacteria in marine ecosystem and the associated environmental factors are still poorly understood. In the present study, detection of n-damo bacteria using 16S rRNA and pmoA gene-based PCR primers was(More)
Acute cognitive disorders are common in elderly patients with peripheral infections but it is not clear why. Here, we injected old and young mice with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to mimic an acute peripheral infection and separated the hippocampal neuronal cell layers from the surrounding hippocampal tissue by laser capture microdissection and(More)