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Using next-generation sequencing technology alone, we have successfully generated and assembled a draft sequence of the giant panda genome. The assembled contigs (2.25 gigabases (Gb)) cover approximately 94% of the whole genome, and the remaining gaps (0.05 Gb) seem to contain carnivore-specific repeats and tandem repeats. Comparisons with the dog and human(More)
The conserved Hippo signaling pathway regulates organ size in Drosophila and mammals. While a core kinase cascade leading from the protein kinase Hippo (Hpo) (Mst1 and Mst2 in mammals) to the transcription coactivator Yorkie (Yki) (YAP in mammals) has been established, upstream regulators of the Hippo kinase cascade are less well defined, especially in(More)
Although a developmental role for Hippo signaling in organ size control is well appreciated, how this pathway functions in tissue regeneration is largely unknown. Here we address this issue using a dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colonic regeneration model. We find that regenerating crypts express elevated Yes-associated protein (YAP) levels.(More)
Origination of new genes is an important mechanism generating genetic novelties during the evolution of an organism. Processes of creating new genes using preexisting genes as the raw materials are well characterized, such as exon shuffling, gene duplication, retroposition, gene fusion, and fission. However, the process of how a new gene is de novo created(More)
Both fast and accurate block-matching algorithms are critical to efficient compression of video frames using motion estimation and compensation. While the particle swarm optimization approach holds the promise of alleviating the local optima problem suffered typically by existing very fast block matching methods, motion estimation algorithms based on(More)
OBJECTIVE MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding, single-stranded small RNAs that regulate gene expression negatively, which is involved in fundamental cellular processes and the initiation, development and progression of human cancer. In this study, we investigated the role of miR-27a in the development of drug resistance in ovarian cancer cells. METHODS(More)
Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are thought to play an essential role in cancer initiation and development. However, little research has been done to evaluate the role of CAFs in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) development. To address this issue, ninety-one specimens were immunostained with α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and fibroblast activation(More)
Biotechnology can be used to assess the well being of ecosystems, transform pollutants into benign substances, generate biodegradable materials from renewable sources, and develop environmentally safe manufacturing and disposal processes. Simultaneous elimination of sulfide and nitrite from synthetic wastewaters was investigated using a bioreactor. A(More)
Graph reachability is a fundamental research problem that finds its use in many applications such as geographic navigation, bioinformatics, web ontologies and XML databases, etc. Given two vertices, <i>u</i> and <i>v</i>, in a directed graph, a reachability query asks if there is a directed path from <i>u</i> to <i>v</i>. Over the last two decades, many(More)
Using data from a two-year randomized experiment in rural China, this paper studies the influence of social networks on the decision to adopt a new weather insurance product and the mechanisms through which social networks operate. In the first year, I provided financial education to a random subset of farmers and found a large social network effect on(More)