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Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is a major staple crop in the world. Grain weight is a major factor of grain yield in wheat, and the identification of candidate genes associated with grain weight is very important for high-yield breeding of wheat. TaGW2 is an orthologous gene of rice OsGW2 that negatively regulates the grain width and weight in rice.(More)
A new amperometric immunosensor for the determination of α-1-fetoprotein (AFP) has been constructed. First, a multiwalled carbon nanotube-silver (MWNT-Ag) composite was modified on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode. Then, chitosan-MnO(2) (CS-MnO(2)) with excellent film forming ability was dipped onto the MWNT-Ag-modified electrode. Subsequently, gold(More)
A novel method for determination of trace mercury in water is developed. The method is performed by extracting mercury firstly with ionic liquids (ILs) and then detecting the concentration of mercury in organic media with anodic stripping voltammetry. Liquid-liquid extraction of mercury(II) ions by four ionic liquids with N-octylpyridinium cations(More)
This work mainly describes an electrochemical microsensor based on the reduction of molybdophosphate complex for total phosphorus (TP) determinations in water. The microelectrode was fabricated using microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) techniques and porous, branching gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were electrodeposited on the microelectrode to improve its(More)
This paper investigated two different modification methods of graphene (GN) on ultramicroelectrode array (UMEA) and applied the GN modified UMEA for the determination of dissolved oxygen (DO). The UMEAs were fabricated by Micro Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS) technique and the radius of each ultramicroelectrode is 10 μm. GN-NH2 and GN-COOH were modified on(More)
A new type of amperometric hydrogen peroxide biosensor was fabricated by entrapping horseradish peroxidase (HRP) in the organic-inorganic hybrid material composed of zirconia-chitosan sol-gel and Au nanoparticles (ZrO2-CS-AuNPs). The sensitivity of the biosensor was enhanced by a flowerlike polymer-copper nanostructure composite (pPA-FCu) which was prepared(More)
Poly (3, 4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) films were prepared by electro-oxidation in an aqueous solution on Au microelectrode. Electrolyte solutions and polymerization parameters were optimized previously for further overoxidation. The effect of overoxidation time has been optimized by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy(More)
The chitosan with three-dimensional porous structure greatly increased the effective electrode surface for loading of platinum nanoparticles and promoted efficient electron transfer. The resulting biosensor had a response time (within 5 s) and a linear response from 6 μM to 4.2 mM glucose with a detection limit of 2 μM (S/N = 3). Moreover, the methodology(More)
Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) is an important index for the assessment of organic water pollution, which needs to be detected rapidly and sensitively. In this paper, a BOD biosensor has been developed based on the direct immobilization of microorganisms around carboxyl graphene (GN-COOH) modified ultramicroelectrode array (UMEA). UMEA is designed in ring(More)
Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) films were prepared by electro-oxidation on Au microelectrodes in an aqueous solution. Electrolyte solutions and polymerization parameters were optimized prior to overoxidation. The effect of overoxidation time has been optimized by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), which(More)