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A novel class of RNA-binding proteins, Puf, regulates translation and RNA stability by binding to specific sequences in the 3'-untranslated region of target mRNAs. Members of this protein family share a conserved Puf domain consisting of eight 36 amino acid imperfect repeats. Here we report two Puf family member genes, PfPuf1 and PfPuf2, from the human(More)
Translation regulation plays an important role during gametocytogenesis in the malaria parasite, a process that is obligatory for the transmission of the parasite through mosquito vectors. In this study we determined the function of PfPuf2, a member of the Puf family of translational repressors, in gametocytogenesis of Plasmodium falciparum. Tagging of the(More)
Puf proteins are a family of evolutionarily conserved translational regulators in eukaryotes. The malaria parasite has two Puf proteins (PfPuf1 and PfPuf2) that share 25% homology in the RNA binding domain. Here we confirmed the preferential expression of PfPuf2 in gametocyte stages using Northern analysis. The transcriptional initiation site of this gene,(More)
We explored the possibility that hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) might contribute to the therapeutic effect of neural stem cell (NSC) transplantation in cerebral ischemia. The relative efficacy of modified NSC to promote behavioral recovery was investigated in a rat model of stroke induced by a transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO).(More)
Previous studies have shown that the expression of miR-211 was downregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the molecular function and mechanism of miR-211 in HCC growth and invasion are largely unclear. We found that miR-211 is downregulated in HCC tissues and cell lines, respectively. Further results showed that low miR-211 associated with(More)
Most eukaryotic mRNAs are monocistronic and translated by cap-dependent initiation. LINE-1 RNA is exceptional because it is naturally dicistronic, encoding two proteins essential for retrotransposition, ORF1p and ORF2p. Here, we show that sequences upstream of ORF1 and ORF2 in mouse L1 function as internal ribosome entry sites (IRESes). Deletion analysis of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS HIF-1α is accumulated in the cellular nucleus and cytoplasm under conditions of oxygen deprivation and engaged in pathophysiologic changes of homeostasis by modulating the expression of several target genes. As an endogenous signaling protein, HIF-1α contributes to in neuroprotection, erythropoiesis, and apoptosis modulation. The purpose of(More)
Fra-1 as an integral part of AP-1 (Jun/Fos) drives transcriptional programs involved in several physiologic and pathologic processes. It is also critical for tumor cell motility and metastasis. We have previously shown that two critical elements of Fra-1 promoter, the upstream TPA response element (TRE) and the serum response element (SRE), are necessary(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO) has been shown to be neuroprotective in various models of neuronal injury. The aim of the present study was to investigate the beneficial effect of recombinant human EPO (rhEPO) following intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and the underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms. ICH was induced using autologous blood injection in adult rats.(More)