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We purified an intracellular pyranose oxidase from mycelial extracts of the white rot fungus Trametes multicolor by using ammonium sulfate fractionation, hydrophobic interaction, ion-exchange chromatography, and gel filtration. The native enzyme has a molecular mass of 270 kDa as determined by equilibrium ultracentrifugation and is composed of four(More)
A novel alcohol oxidase (AOX) has been purified from mycelial pellets of the wood-degrading basidiomycete Gloeophyllum trabeum and characterized as a homooctameric nonglycosylated protein with native and subunit molecular masses of 628 and 72.4 kDa, containing noncovalently bonded flavin adenine dinucleotide. The isolated AOX cDNA contained an open reading(More)
Pyranose 2-oxidase (P2O) was purified 43-fold to apparent homogeneity from the basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium using liquid chromatography on phenyl Sepharose, Mono Q (twice) and phenyl Superose. The native enzyme has a molecular mass of about 250 kDa (based on native PAGE) and is composed of four identical subunits of 65 kDa. It contains three(More)
Gamma-tubulin is required for microtubule (MT) nucleation at MT organizing centers such as centrosomes or spindle pole bodies, but little is known about its noncentrosomal functions. We conditionally downregulated gamma-tubulin by inducible expression of RNA interference (RNAi) constructs in Arabidopsis thaliana. Almost complete RNAi depletion of(More)
The production of the H(2)O(2)-generating enzyme pyranose oxidase (POD) (EC 1.1.3.10) (synonym, glucose 2-oxidase), two ligninolytic peroxidases, and laccase in wood decayed by three white rot fungi was investigated by correlated biochemical, immunological, and transmission electron microscopic techniques. Enzyme activities were assayed in extracts from(More)
Alanine dehydrogenase was purified to homogeneity from a cell-free extract of Streptomyces fradiae, which produces tylosin. The enzyme was purified 1180-fold to give a 21% yield, using a combination of hydrophobic chromatography and ion-exchange fast protein liquid chromatography. The relative molecular mass of the native enzyme was determined to be 210,000(More)
Valine dehydrogenase was purified to homogeneity from the crude extracts of Streptomyces aureofaciens. The molecular weight of the native enzyme was 116,000 by equilibrium ultracentrifugation and 118,000 by size exclusion high-performance liquid chromatography. The enzyme was composed of four subunits with molecular weights of 29,000. The isoelectric point(More)
Sugar oxidoreductases such as cellobiose dehydrogenase or pyranose oxidase are widespread enzymes among fungi, whose biological function is largely speculative. We investigated a similar gene family in the mushroom Agaricus meleagris and its expression under various conditions. Three genes (named pdh1, pdh2 and pdh3) putatively encoding pyranose(More)
Pyranose dehydrogenase (PDH) of the mushroom Agaricus meleagris was purified from mycelial culture media to substantial homogeneity using ion-exchange and hydrophobic interaction chromatography. The native enzyme is a monomeric polypeptide with a molecular mass of 66,547Da as determined by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation mass spectrometry(More)
Two d-glucose-oxidizing enzymes, glucose 1-oxidase (G1O) and pyranose 2-oxidase (P2O, glucose 2-oxidase), have been proposed to play an important role in the ligninolytic system of the white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium by producing hydrogen peroxide. The possible simultaneous expression and metabolic cooperation of the two oxidases was studied in(More)