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Pig shows multiple superior characteristics in anatomy, physiology, and genome that have made this species to be more suitable models for human diseases, especially for neurodegenerative diseases, because they have similar cerebral convolutions compared with human neocortex. Recently, CRISPR/Cas9 system shows enormous potential for engineering the pig(More)
We showed previously that calcineurin B subunit (CnB) could inhibit S180 solid tumor growth in mice and prolong the survival of mice bearing H22 ascites tumors, but the underlying antitumor mechanism remained unclear. Here, we report that the calcineurin B subunit binds to CD11b on RAW264.7 macrophages and induces TRAIL expression and NF-κB activation in a(More)
All neurodegenerative diseases are associated with oxidative stress-induced neuronal death. Forkhead box O3a (FOXO3a) is a key transcription factor involved in neuronal apoptosis. However, how FOXO3a forms complexes and functions in oxidative stress processing remains largely unknown. In the present study, we show that histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) forms a(More)
Recent outbreak of flavivirus Zika virus (ZIKV) in America has urged the basic as well as translational studies of this important human pathogen. The nonstructural protein 5 (NS5) of the flavivirus has an N-terminal methyltransferase (MTase) domain that plays critical roles in viral RNA genome capping. The null mutant of NS5 MTase is lethal for virus.(More)
Calcineurin is the only Ca(2+) /calmodulin-dependent serine/threonine protein phosphatase. The roles of the cytosolic calcineurin have been well researched; however, the roles of the serum calcineurin remain unknown. Here, we report that the recombinant human calcineurin B subunit (CnB) can bind to rabbit platelets and show an antiplatelet aggregation(More)
Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury is a major public health concern that causes high rates of disability and mortality in adults. Microglial activation plays a crucial role in ischemic stroke-induced alteration of the immune microenvironment. However, the mechanism underlying the triggering of microglial activation by ischemic stroke remains to be(More)
Type I interferon (IFN-I) is critical for a host against viral and bacterial infections via induction of hundreds of interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs), but the mechanism underlying the regulation of IFN-I remains largely unknown. In this study, we first demonstrate that ISG expression is required for optimal IFN-β levels, an effect that is further enhanced(More)
Inflammatory processes are an integral part of the stress response and are likely to result from a programmed adaptation that is vital to the organism’s survival and well-being. The whole inflammatory response is mediated by largely overlapping circuits in the limbic forebrain, hypothalamus and brainstem, but is also under the control of the neuroendocrine(More)
The field of optogenetics has been successfully used to understand the mechanisms of neuropsychiatric diseases through the precise spatial and temporal control of specific groups of neurons in a neural circuitry. However, it remains a great challenge to integrate optogenetic modulation with electrophysiological and behavioral read out methods as a means to(More)