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BACKGROUND Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) has been shown to exert a synergistic antitumor effect when combined with fluoropyrimidine. This synergy may be attributable to the downregulation of thymidylate synthase (TS), which is frequently overexpressed in fluoropyrimidine-resistant cancer cells. However, the molecular(More)
A rapid and reliable method suitable for assays of a large number of Morus alba leaves for 1-deoxynojirimycin (DNJ) has been developed. DNJ in 0.1 g of freeze-dried leaves was double-extracted in 10 mL of aqueous 0.05 M HCl by vortexing for 15 s at room temperature, derivatized with 9-fluorenylmethyl chloroformate (FMOC-Cl), and analyzed by reversed-phase(More)
A method was developed using scanned computer images and software programs to measure the lesion area on leaves with cucumber anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum orbiculare. After cucumber plants were inoculated with various concentrations of conidia, lesions on diseased leaves were scanned, manipulated with Adobe Photoshop 6.0, and measured using the blob(More)
Despite the existence of an active vaccination program, recently emerged strains of nephropathogenic infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) in Korea have caused significant economic losses in the poultry industry. In this study, we assessed the pathogenic and antigenic characteristics of a K-IIb type field strain of IBV that emerged in Korea since 2003, such as(More)
Two novel rice (Oryza sativa L.) protein kinase (PK) genes have been isolated.OsMSRPK1 andOsMSURPK2, which most likely exist as single-copy genes in the rice genome, encode 693 and S03 amino acids polypeptide, respectively, and have the serine/threonine kinase domain of cyclin dependent protein kinase (OsMSRPK1), or the serine/threonine kinase domain and(More)
Bacillus sp. strain JH 2-2, isolated from the rhizosphere of plants at a multi-metal contaminated mine site, has the potential to reduce Cr(VI) to Cr(III) and promote plant growth by reducing Cr toxicity and producing IAA. The minimum inhibitory concentration of Cr(VI) to Bacillus sp. JH 2-2 was 1000 mg L(-1) and the strain reduced 99% of 10 mg Cr(VI) L(-1)(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is the predominant cause of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). The antiviral activity of hederasaponin B from Hedera helix against EV71 subgenotypes C3 and C4a was evaluated in vero cells. In the current study, the antiviral activity of hederasaponin B against EV71 C3 and C4a was determined by cytopathic effect (CPE) reduction method(More)
Protease production by Bacillus sp. SKK11 isolated from brackish environment was studied by solid-state fermentation with horse gram husk. Response surface methodology-based Box-Behnken design (BBD) was used to optimize the variables such as pH, maltose, and MgSO₄. The BBD design analysis showed a reasonable adjustment of the quadratic model with the(More)
1. Both peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and coronary artery spasm (CAS) are associated with endothelial dysfunction. Thus, a higher incidence of CAS may be expected in patients with PAD. In the present study, we evaluated the incidence and characteristics of CAS in patients with PAD. 2. A total of 78 patients with PAD and 241 age- and gender-matched(More)
BACKGROUND Whether low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) is superior to unfractionated heparin (UFH) in acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DESs) remains unclear. METHODS A total of 3,372 STEMI patients who underwent primary PCI with DESs(More)