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We aimed to investigate differences in clinical manifestations and outcomes between adult and child patients with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP), and to analyze the factors associated with poor prognosis for HSP nephritis. This retrospective 10-yr study enrolled 160 patients with HSP who visited Severance Hospital. Purpura was mostly detected in lower(More)
MANETs are wireless temporary adhoc networks that are being setup with no prior infrastructure and with no centralized administrator node. MANETs have dynamic (no fixed) topology due to arbitrary (random) movement of nodes. These can be created on the fly for a single session or a temporary assignment. Routing of data packets in MANETs is a fundamental(More)
INTRODUCTION We investigated how many patients, who presented with Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) and who had not been classified as systemic sclerosis (SSc), would be reclassified as SSc, if the 2013 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) classification criteria were used. We also analyzed the predictive values of(More)
Wireless mesh networks (WMNs) are attractive as a new communication paradigm. Ad hoc routing protocols for WMNs are classified into: (a) proactive, (b) reactive, and (c) hybrid approaches. In general, proactive routing is more suitable for a stationary network, while reactive routing is better for a mobile network with a high mobility. In many applications,(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated the association between autoantibodies against non-myeloperoxidase (MPO) neutrophil granule antigens and activity of Behçet's disease (BD). METHODS We consecutively enrolled 51 BD patients. We assessed clinical data and BD activity using patients' index scores from the Behçet's Disease Current Activity Form and we performed(More)
Althaea rosea (Linn.) is a medicinal plant from China and Korea that has been traditionally used to control inflammation, to stop bedwetting and as a mouthwash in cases of bleeding gums. Its flowers are employed medicinally for their emollient, demulcent and diuretic properties, which make them useful in chest complaints. Furthermore, a flower extract(More)
AIM Interleukin (IL)-32 is known to act as a proinflammatory cytokine and is likely involved in several chronic inflammatory diseases. The aims of this study were to investigate whether serum IL-32 levels are elevated in patients with Behçet's disease (BD) and to identify the correlation between IL-32 levels and disease activity. METHODS We enrolled 50(More)
With the rapid growth of ubiquitous computing, it is possible to collect various kinds of information related to the cities from heterogeneous ubiquitous devices like RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) tags, CCTV (closed-circuit television) and sensors. In addition, information from existing legacy systems (e.g. Intelligent Transport System, Urban(More)
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