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We investigated the effects of nitric oxide (NO) on voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels (VDCCs) by examining [45Ca2+]influx into mouse cerebral cortical neurons. S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) induced a dose-dependent increase in [45Ca2+]influx, which was completely abolished by hemoglobin, tetrodotoxin and dibucaine. The NO-induced [45Ca2+influx was(More)
The protein product of the cystic fibrosis (CF) gene, termed the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), is known to function as an apical chloride channel at the surface of airway epithelial cells. It has been proposed that CFTR has additional intracellular functions and that there is altered processing of mutant forms. In examining(More)
Aim:To investigate the effects of ROS scavenger N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on angiotensin II (Ang II)-mediated renal fibrosis in vivo and in vitro.Methods:Mice were subjected to unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO), and then treated with vehicle or NAC (250 mg/kg, ip) for 7 days. Histological changes of the obstructed kidneys were observed with Masson's(More)
Aim:Diabetic nephropathy is one of the major complications of diabetes and the major cause of end-stage renal disease. In this study we investigated the insulin deficiency (ID) induced changes in renal mesangial cells (MCs) and in the kidney of STZ-induced diabetic rats.Methods:Cultured rat renal MCs were incubated in ID media. Cell proliferation was(More)
Effect of chronic treatment with nicotine on DBI and its mRNA in mouse cerebral cortex were examined. Continuous treatment of mice with nicotine significantly increased DBI content and its mRNA expression, which was completely abolished by simultaneous administration of mecamylamine (1 mg/kg, i.p.). These results indicate that chronic functional interaction(More)
The molecular mechanisms for the stimulation of inositol 1-phosphate (IP1) formation by vinconate were investigated using preparations of rat brain. Vinconate (10(-8)-10(-3) M) dose-dependently inhibited the binding of [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate ([3H]QNB) to muscarinic acetylcholine receptors and its IC50 value for [3H]QNB binding was 1.7 x 10(-5) M. The(More)
We have attempted to clarify the mechanisms for alcohol (EtOH)-induced elevation of diazepam binding inhibitor (DBI) mRNA and to investigate whether the increase in DBI mRNA is paralleled with that in DBI using EtOH-treated mice and primary cultured neurons. Both the DBI content and the expression of DBI mRNA were elevated in the cerebral cortex of(More)
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