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An organocatalytic three-component reaction of isatins, malononitrile and isocyanoacetates provided 3,3'-dihydropyrryl-spirooxindoles in excellent yields and enantioselectivities. The products could be readily converted to valuable 3,3'-pyrrolidinyl-spirooxindoles.
Feature extraction and classification of EEG signals are core parts of brain computer interfaces (BCIs). Due to the high dimension of the EEG feature vector, an effective feature selection algorithm has become an integral part of research studies. In this paper, we present a new method based on a wrapped Sparse Group Lasso for channel and feature selection… (More)
Organocatalytic conjugate addition of malononitrile to conformationally restricted dienones has been studied. A series of chiral primary and tertiary amine catalysts were screened. A piperidine-based thiourea-tertiary amine was found to be the efficient catalyst. Chiral pyran derivatives were obtained in excellent yields and enantioselectivities via a… (More)
Organocatalytic asymmetric conjugate addition of α-nitroketones to β,γ-unsaturated α-keto esters has been developed. A pyrrolidine-based thiourea-tertiary amine was identified as the best catalyst. The reaction was found to proceed via cascade conjugate addition and acyl transfer reaction. A number of α-nitroketones and β,γ-unsaturated α-keto esters were… (More)