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The worldwide prevalence of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is estimated to be approaching 200 million people. Current therapy relies upon a combination of pegylated interferon-alpha and ribavirin, a poorly tolerated regimen typically associated with less than 50% sustained virological response rate in those infected with genotype 1 virus. The(More)
Recent studies suggest that Internet gaming addiction (IGA) is an impulse disorder, or is at least related to impulse control disorders. In the present study, we hypothesized that different facets of trait impulsivity may be specifically linked to the brain regions with impaired impulse inhibition function in IGA adolescents. Seventeen adolescents with IGA(More)
PURPOSE Excessive use of the Internet has been linked to a variety of negative psychosocial consequences. This study used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate whether functional connectivity is altered in adolescents with Internet gaming addiction (IGA). METHODS Seventeen adolescents with IGA and 24 normal control(More)
UNLABELLED Abnormalities of frontal white matter (WM) have been found in some children with ADHD. The purpose of this study was to explore the changes in WM in child patients with ADHD by DTI, which detects changes in WM microstructure based on properties of diffusion. We also expect to investigate the relationship between the changes in WM and executive(More)
Although recent studies have clearly demonstrated functional and structural abnormalities in adolescents with internet gaming addiction (IGA), less is known about how IGA affects perfusion in the human brain. We used pseudocontinuous arterial spin-labeling (ASL) perfusion functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to measure the effects of IGA on resting(More)
Imaging studies of schizophrenia (SCZ) have repeatedly demonstrated volume differences in superior temporal gyrus (STG) and its subregions. Among them, some studies employed the Region of Interest (ROI) method. We carried out a systematic review of the published literature on STG volumetry MRI studies to examine the potential of ROI method for identifying(More)
Previous studies have suggested that catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), proline dehydrogenase (PRODH), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) genes are possible susceptibility genes for schizophrenia. We hypothesized that these genes are also associated with schizotypal traits, which are heritable and related to schizophrenia. We genotyped five(More)
Sustained attention has been proposed as an endophenotype of schizophrenia, and consequently may be useful as a quantitative trait in genetic studies. In the present study, we used the continuous performance test (CPT) to measure sustained attention in 112 first-episode and neuroleptic-naive schizophrenic patients, 296 of their non-psychotic first-degree(More)
Histological and neuroimaging evidence supports the hypothesis that neuronal disconnectivity may be involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) showed a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs10761482 in ankyrin 3 (ANK3), a major neuron-enriched gene, was associated with schizophrenia although inconsistent results(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic factors are important in the pathogenesis of Tourette syndrome (TS). Notably, Dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) gene has been suggested as a possible candidate gene for this disorder. Several studies have demonstrated that DRD2/ANKK1 TaqIA polymorphism is associated with an increased risk of developing TS. However, past results remain(More)