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Group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR) induce long-term depression (LTD) that requires protein synthesis. Here, we demonstrate that Arc/Arg3.1 is translationally induced within 5 min of mGluR activation, and this response is essential for mGluR-dependent LTD. The increase in Arc/Arg3.1 translation requires eEF2K, a Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent(More)
Molecular cloning studies have revealed that heterogeneity of T-type Ca2+ currents in native tissues arises from the three isoforms of Ca(v)3 channels: Ca(v)3.1, Ca(v)3.2, and Ca(v)3.3. From pharmacological analysis of the recombinant T-type channels, low concentrations (<50 microM) of nickel were found to selectively block the Ca(v)3.2 over the other(More)
Matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) play a role in remodeling the extracellular matrix during brain development and have been implicated in synaptic plasticity. Here, we report that a member of the neuronal pentraxin (NP) family, neuronal pentraxin receptor (NPR), undergoes regulated cleavage by the MMP tumor necrosis factor-alpha converting enzyme (TACE). NPR(More)
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) causes acute enteritis in pigs of all ages and is often fatal for neonates. A tobacco mosaic virus (TMV)-based vector was utilized for the expression of a core neutralizing epitope of PEDV (COE) for the development of a plant-based vaccine. In this study, the coding sequence of a COE gene was optimized based on the(More)
Widdrol, a natural sesquiterpene present in Juniperus sp., has been shown to exert anticancer and antifungal effects. Emerging evidence has suggested that AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which functions as a cellular energy sensor, is a potential therapeutic target for human cancers. In this study, we found that(More)
Zinc is an important trace element in the body and is involved in both the proliferation and growth arrest of many kinds of cells including colorectal epithelial cells. The aim of this study was to identify the molecular mechanism of the growth regulation of colorectal cancer cells by extracellular zinc. Zinc-stimulated activation of the mitogen-activated(More)
Because autism spectrum disorders are neurodevelopmental disorders and patients typically display symptoms before the age of three, one of the key questions in autism research is whether the pathology is reversible in adults. Here we investigate the developmental requirement of Shank3 in mice, a prominent monogenic autism gene that is estimated to(More)
Transient receptor potential "canonical" cation channels (TRPC) are involved in many cellular activities, including neuronal synaptic transmission. These channels couple lipid metabolism, calcium homeostasis, and electrophysiological properties as they are calcium permeable and activated through the phospholipase C pathway and by diacylglycerol. The TRPC3(More)
In this study, we identified a new mechanism for the anti-proliferation of HCT15 colorectal cancer cells by troglitazone (TRO). Treating HCT15 cells with 20 microM of TRO transiently increased extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) activity within 15 min, and this subsequently induced p21Cip/WAF1 cell cycle regulator and localized in the nucleus. Raf-1(More)
Ten azo compounds including azo-resveratrol (5) and azo-oxyresveratrol (9) were synthesized using a modified Curtius rearrangement and diazotization followed by coupling reactions with various phenolic analogs. All synthesized compounds were evaluated for their mushroom tyrosinase inhibitory activity. Compounds 4 and 5 exhibited high tyrosinase inhibitory(More)