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Ipomoea stolonifera (I. stolonifera) has been used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases including rheumatism and rheumatoid arthritis in Chinese traditional medicine. However, the anti-inflammatory activity of I. stolonifera has not been elucidated. For this reason, the anti-inflammatory activity of n-butanol extract of I. stolonifera (BE-IS) was(More)
Interest in berries from South America has increased due to their potential health benefits. The objective of this study was to characterize the anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins of Vaccinium floribundum and Aristotelia chilensis , total phenolics, and antioxidant capacity and to evaluate, in vitro, the ability of their phenolic extracts to reduce(More)
A rare Mendelian syndrome--pseudohypoaldosteronism type II (PHA-II)--features hypertension, hyperkalemia, and metabolic acidosis. Genetic linkage studies and exome sequencing have identified four genes--with no lysine kinase 1 (wnk1), wnk4, Kelch-like 3 (KLHL3), and Cullin 3 (Cul3)--mutations of which all caused PHA-II phenotypes. The previous hypothesis(More)
Extracts prepared from honeysuckle, Scutellaria, Forsythia suspensa (Thunb), cinnamon, and rosemary with 75% ethanol and from clove oil dissolved in 75% ethanol were applied to inoculated agar media to observe their inhibitory effects on the growth of Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas fluorescens, and Lactobacillus plantarum. All the extracts suppressed the(More)
AIMS Our previous studies have shown that N-n-butyl haloperidol iodide (F2) can antagonize myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury by down-regulating the early growth response (Egr)-1 expression, but the molecular mechanisms are not well understood. Because there is evidence implicating myocardial I/R injury is closely associated with endothelial(More)
The p53 gene is a tumor suppressor gene. It encodes a nuclear phosphoprotein p53 involved in the regulation of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis to maintain the genomic integrity of the cell. As mutations of p53 gene are found in most human cancers, p53 protein becomes a hot target in the research of anticancer therapy. In the present study, an 11-amino acid(More)
Transferrin receptor 2 (TfR2) is a homologue of transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1) but has distinct functions from TfR1 in iron homeostasis. In keeping with its proposed role in iron sensing, previous studies showed that TfR2 has a short half-life and that holo-Tf stabilizes TfR2 by redirecting it from a degradative pathway to a recycling pathway. In this study,(More)
Survivin, a novel member of the IAP family, was observed to express in the most common human cancers. Anti-cancer therapy targeting survivin had drawn considerable attention. This study focused on high-level expression of recombinant protein TAT-survivin (T34A) mutant in E. coli, purification and bioactivity of pro-apoptosis to various cell lines in vitro.(More)
The overexpression of Aurora kinase A (AURKA), a member of serine/threonine kinase family, has been observed in various types of human cancers. However, the role of AURKA in osteosarcoma (OS), the most common type of primary malignancy arising from bone, has not been clarified. We used AURKA-specific lentivirus-delivered short hairpin RNA (shRNA) to(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis involves an imbalance between free radical formation and destruction. In order to obtain a novel preclinical anti-AD drug candidate, we synthesized a series of novel hydroxyl chalcone analogs which possessed anti-free radical activity, and screened their effects on scavenging 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and OH(More)