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Constitutive IL-18 expression is detected from many different cells, including macrophages, keratinocytes, and osteoblasts. It has been known that IL-18 gene expression is regulated by two different promoters (p1 promoter and p2 promoter). When RAW 264.7 macrophages were treated with IFN-gamma, IL-18 gene expression was increased in a dose- and(More)
Inhibition of an increase of osteoclasts has become the most important treatment for osteoporosis. The CXCR4 antagonist, AMD3100, plays an important role in the mobilization of osteoclast precursors within bone marrow (BM). However, the actual therapeutic impact of AMD3100 in osteoporosis has not yet been ascertained. Here we demonstrate the therapeutic(More)
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