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Biomanipulation has been employed in numerous locations throughout the world as a means for reducing phytoplankton biomass; however, it has not been employed very often in Japan. A common approach involves the introduction of piscivorous fish to reduce the abundance of planktivorous fish. In our study, to first apply biomanipulation, we stocked Lake(More)
A critical weak point of Solid State Drives (SSDs) is the limited lifespan which stems from the characteristics of NAND flash memory. In this paper, we propose a new deduplication scheme called block-level content-aware chunking to extend the lifetime of SSDs. The proposed scheme divides the data within a fixed-size block into a set of variable-sized chunks(More)
The methylthiotriazine herbicide, simetryn, is commonly used in Japan, and its concentration in surface water is often high enough to affect natural phytoplankton. To estimate how the plankton community in eutrophic systems respond to short-term exposure of realistic concentrations of simetryn, we collected plankton from a eutrophic lake and exposed them to(More)
The idea of combining the network of HMMs and the dynamic programming-based search is highly relevant to online handwriting recognition. The word model of HMM network can be systematically constructed by concatenating letter and ligature HMM's while sharing common ones. Character recognition in such a network can be defined as the task of best aligning a(More)
The addition of CO2 to algal culture systems can increase algal biomass effectively. Generally, gas bubbling is used to increase CO2 levels in culture systems; however, it is difficult to quantitatively operate to control the concentration using this method. In this study, we tested the usability of CO2 hydrate for phytoplankton culture. Specifically, green(More)
To characterize genetic diversity and gene flow among Daphnia galeata populations, the complete nucleotide (nt) sequences of the mitochondrial (mt) DNAs of D. galeata clones isolated from five lakes in Japan (Lakes Shirakaba, Suwa, Kizaki, Kasumigaura, and Biwa) were determined. Comparison of non-synonymous (amino acid altering) substitution rates with(More)
We investigated the interspecific variation of silver nanoparticle (SNP) sensitivity in common cladocerans (Daphnia magna, D. galeata, and Bosmina longirostris) and the exact cause of both acute and chronic toxicity focusing on the form of silver (NPs and ions). Materials tested were non-surface-coated silver nanocolloids (SNCs) and AgNO3. The results of(More)
In most file systems, performance is usually sacrificed in exchange for crash consistency, which ensures that data and metadata are restored consistently in the event of a system crash. To escape this trade-off between performance and crash consistency, recent researchers designed and implemented the transactional functionality inside Solid State Drives(More)
A number of risk assessments of the adverse effects of Cu and its compounds have been conducted since it is one of the leading substances responsible for water contamination. However, with the exception of standard organisms, ecotoxicological knowledge is still scarce. Here, we examined the influence of Ca2+ and Mg2+ concentrations on acute toxicity of Cu(More)