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Antimicrobial resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae remains a serious concern worldwide, particularly in Asian countries, despite the introduction of heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7). The Asian Network for Surveillance of Resistant Pathogens (ANSORP) performed a prospective surveillance study of 2,184 S. pneumoniae isolates collected from(More)
To find potential targets of novel antimicrobial agents, we identified essential genes of Streptococcus pneumoniae using comparative genomics and allelic replacement mutagenesis. We compared the genome of S. pneumoniae R6 with those of Bacillus subtilis, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, and Staphylococcus aureus, and selected 693 candidate target(More)
To evaluate the appropriateness of the screening strategy for healthcare personnel (HCP) during a hospital-associated Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) outbreak, we performed a serologic investigation in 189 rRT-PCR-negative HCP exposed and assigned to MERS patients. Although 20%-25% of HCP experienced MERS-like symptoms, none of them showed(More)
Nasal swabs were collected to isolate S. aureus in 296 children, who visited the pediatrics department with a variety of symptoms. Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from 95 children (32.1%). Of the isolates, 18 were methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) (18.9%). Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed for all S. aureus cultured and the(More)
We investigated the change in clones and serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates in a Korean tertiary-care hospital. Serotypes of S. pneumoniae isolates were determined by the capsular quellung method, and in vitro susceptibility testing was performed by broth microdilution method. Multilocus sequence typing was performed to determine the genotypes(More)
To investigate the characteristics of main Streptococcus pneumoniae clones of serotype 6D (ST282 and ST3171) in South Korea, antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed, and 11 genes around the cps locus were sequenced on ST282(6D), ST3171(6D), and ST81(6A) isolates. The antimicrobial susceptibility patterns were very similar between clones belonging(More)
In this study, we investigated the genetic background of 70 Staphylococcus aureus isolates (36 methicillin-resistant S. aureus [MRSA] and 34 methicillin-susceptible S. aureus [MSSA]) obtained from blood at a Korean tertiary-care hospital, using spa typing, multilocus sequence typing, and SCCmec typing. In addition, the prevalence of enterotoxin (sea, seb,(More)
The global epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus has changed over the past decade, and this has been characterized by the emergence of community-associated methicillin-resistant S. aureus (CA-MRSA), which has spread to hospitals. Several CA-MRSA clones have emerged in various geographic locations, some of which have become widespread worldwide through(More)
BACKGROUND After 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) introduction, non-vaccine serotypes such as 19A are increasing among Streptococcus pneumoniae. However, only limited data on 19A S. pneumoniae are available in Asian countries. METHODS Out of 1637 S. pneumoniae clinical pneumonia isolates collected during 2008 and 2009 from 10 Asian countries(More)
To characterize Streptococcus pneumoniae "serotype 6E," complete cps loci were sequenced. The capsular genes of "serotype 6E" isolates differed much from those of serotypes 6A and 6B. We identified 10 additional "serotype 6E" isolates, which are not confined to a restricted geographic locality. Most of these "serotype 6E" isolates belonged to sequence type(More)