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Rice (Oryza sativa), a salt-sensitive species, has considerable genetic variation for salt tolerance within the cultivated gene pool. Two indica rice genotypes, FL478, a recombinant inbred line derived from a population developed for salinity tolerance studies, and IR29, the sensitive parent of the population, were selected for this study. We used the(More)
The effects of nitric oxide (NO) on cadmium toxicity in Medicago truncatula seedlings were studied by investigating root growth and uptake of antioxidants, IAA and ions. Exposure to cadmium reduced root growth and NO accumulation, and increased the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in roots. Supplementation with NO improved root growth and reduced(More)
MOTIVATION Genomic DNA was hybridized to oligonucleotide microarrays to identify single-feature polymorphisms (SFP) for Arabidopsis, which has a genome size of approximately 130 Mb. However, that method does not work well for organisms such as barley, with a much larger 5200 Mb genome. In the present study, we demonstrate SFP detection using a small number(More)
The TMPRSS2-ERG fusion, present in approximately 50% of prostate cancers, is less common in prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN), raising questions about whether TMPRSS2-ERG contributes to disease initiation. We identified the translational start site of a common TMPRSS2-ERG fusion and showed that transgenic TMPRSS2-ERG mice develop PIN, but only in(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been identified as a signal molecule that interplays with reactive oxygen species in response to heavy metal stresses. Roles of NO in regulating cadmium toxicity and iron deficiency have been proposed; however, the function of NO in zinc (Zn) tolerance in plants remains unclear. Here, we investigated NO accumulation and its role in(More)
A large number of Fusarium isolates was collected from blighted wheat spikes originating from 175 sampling sites, covering 15 provinces in China. Species and trichothecene chemotype determination by multilocus genotyping (MLGT) indicated that F. graminearum s. str. with the 15-acetyl deoxynivalenol (15ADON) chemotype and F. asiaticum with either the(More)
The fast growth of OSS has increased the interest in studying the composition of the OSS community and its collaboration mechanisms. Moreover, the success of a project may be related to the underlying social structure of the OSS development community. In this paper, we perform a quantitative analysis of Open Source Software developers by studying the entire(More)
In vertebrates, myeloid cells comprise polymorphonuclear and mononuclear lineages that arise from 2 successive waves of development: a transitory primitive wave giving rise to limited myeloid cells during embryonic stage and a definitive wave capable of producing myeloid cells throughout the fetal and adult life. One key unresolved question is what factors(More)
This paper studies capacity bounds for discrete memoryless broadcast channels with confidential messages. Two private messages as well as a common message are transmitted; the common message is to be decoded by both receivers, while each private message is only for its intended receiver. In addition, each private message is to be kept secret from the(More)