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—In this paper, we study Coded relay (Crelay) in multi-hop wireless networks. Crelay exploits both partial packets and overhearing capabilities of the wireless nodes, and uses Forward Error Correction code in packet forwarding. When a node overhears a partial packet from an upstream node, it informs the upstream node about the number of parity bytes needed(More)
We have demonstrated the detection of 2.5 ␮M target DNA labeled with 16 nm Fe 3 O 4 nanoparticles ͑NPs͒ and 50 nm commercial MACS™ NPs using arrays of magnetic tunnel junction sensors with ͑001͒-oriented MgO barrier layers. Signal-to-noise ratios of 25 and 12 were obtained with Fe 3 O 4 and MACS™ NPs, respectively. These data show conclusively that(More)
Unsharp masking (USM) sharpening is a basic technique for image manipulation and editing. In recent years, the detection of USM sharpening has attracted attention from image forensics point of view. After USM sharpening, overshoot artifacts, which shape image texture, are generated along image edges. By utilizing the special characteristic of the texture(More)
Texture classification is a classical yet still active topic in computer vision and pattern recognition. Recently, several new texture classification approaches by modeling texture images as distributions over a set of textons have been proposed. These textons are learned as the cluster centers in the image patch feature space using the K-means clustering(More)
In wireless LANs, partial packets are often received which usually contain only a few errors. According to the current 802.11 standard, such packets have to be retransmitted. Much effort has been invested recently in repairing such packets without retransmitting the entire packet, e.g., by using error correction (EC) code or retransmitting only the(More)
Complex geometric structural variations of 3D model usually pose great challenges in 3D shape matching and retrieval. In this paper, we propose a high-level shape feature learning scheme to extract features that are insensitive to deformations via a novel discriminative deep auto-encoder. First, a multiscale shape distribution is developed for use as input(More)
MRI is one of the most important imaging tools in clinics. It interrogates nuclei of atoms in a living subject, providing detailed delineation with high spatial and temporal resolutions. To compensate the innate low sensitivity, MRI contrast probes were developed and widely used. These are typically paramagnetic or superparamagnetic materials, functioning(More)
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) result from ethanol exposure to the developing fetus and are the most common cause of mental retardation in the United States. These disorders are characterized by a variety of neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative anomalies which result in significant lifetime disabilities. Thus, novel therapies are required to(More)
We demonstrate the first true real-time in vivo video imaging of extracellular protease expression using an ultrafast-acting and extended-use activatable probe. This simple, one-step technique is capable of boosting fluorescent signals upon target protease cleavage as early as 30 minutes from injection in a small animal model and is able to sustain the(More)
Angiogenesis is an essential component of tumour growth and, consequently, an important target both therapeutically and diagnostically. The cell adhesion molecule α(v)β(3) integrin is a specific marker of angiogenic vessels and the most prevalent vascular integrin that binds the amino acid sequence arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD). Previous studies(More)