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Sporadic breast cancer in women <40 years is uncommon in Caucasians, in contrast to a much earlier onset in Chinese Asians. However, the molecular determinants for this earlier onset are unclear. It has been reported that SNP309 in the promoter of MDM2, the negative regulator of p53, affects the onset age of cancers in females. Essentially, the G allele,(More)
We reviewed the literature on the use of text messaging for clinical and healthy behaviour interventions. Electronic databases were searched in December 2009 using keywords related to text messaging and health interventions. The final review included 24 articles. Of those, seven covered medication adherence, eight discussed clinical management and nine(More)
Various types of video can be captured with fisheye lenses; their wide field of view is particularly suited to surveillance video. However, fisheye lenses introduce distortion, and this changes as objects in the scene move, making fisheye video difficult to interpret. Current still fisheye image correction methods are either limited to small angles of view,(More)
BACKGROUND Keshan disease (KD) is a fatal dilated cardiomyopathy with unknown etiology. We studied the gene-environment interaction in the pathogenesis of KD by assessing the association of low blood selenium and polymorphisms in glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx-1) gene. METHODS The concentration of blood selenium and the activity and polymorphisms of GPx-1(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on the expression of peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor-gamma in vascular smooth muscle cells. METHODS The first to the third passages of aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) isolated from 16-week-old Wistar rats were cultured in vitro and stimulated by ET-1 for 12, 24, 48, and 72(More)
Angiotensin (Ang) II plays a pivotal role in vascular fibrosis, which leads to serious complications in hypertension and diabetes. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a potent profibrotic factor implicated in the Ang II-induced pathologic fibrosis process. PPAR-gamma activators thiazolidinediones have been recently reported to have beneficial vascular(More)
Mitochondrial injury characterized by intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation plays a critical role in hyperglycemia-induced myocardium dysfunction. Previous studies have demonstrated that Rosmarinic Acid (RA) treatment and activating Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathway have protective effects on(More)
Detection of viral nucleic acids by pattern recognition receptors initiates type I interferon (IFN) induction and innate antiviral response. The RIG-I-like receptors (RLRs), including RIG-I and MDA5, recognize cytoplasmic viral RNA in most cell types and are critically involved in innate antiviral response. RIG-I and MDA5 are structurally related and(More)