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Human bone marrow stromal cells were examined for their osteogenic potential in an in vitro cell culture system. Dexamethasone (Dex) treatment induced morphological transformation of these cells from an elongated to a more cuboidal shape, increased their alkaline phosphatase activity and cAMP responses to PTH and prostaglandin E2, and was essential for(More)
The effects of Huperzine A (HupA), a novel acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) induced cell lesion, level of lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzyme activities were investigated in rat pheochromocytoma line PC12. Following a 6-h exposure of the cells to H2O2 (200 microM), a marked reduction in cell survival and activities of(More)
The occurrence of insulin receptors and biological responses to insulin has been investigated in trypsin-dissociated fetal rat brain cells maintained in culture for 8 days. Binding of [125I]insulin to brain cells in culture was time- and pH-dependent and 85--90% specific. Porcine insulin competed for [125I]insulin binding in a dose-dependent manner.(More)
Growth-promoting peptide hormones, including growth hormone and insulin, stimulate rat brain ornithine decarboxylase (ODC; EC 4.1.1.17) activity in vivo (Roger et al., 1974; Roger and Fellows, 1980). To determine if this is a result of a direct action on brain, we have investigated the effect of peptide hormones in primary cell cultures of brain from fetal(More)
Three abietane diterpenoids were isolated from the suspension cultured cells of Torreya nucifera var. radicans along with four known abietane diterpenoids. Based on spectroscopic evidence, the structures of the three were elucidated as (3S,5R,10S)-7-oxo-12-methoxyabieta-8,11,13-triene-3,11-diol,(More)
Swine neutrophils were quantitatively examined for the direct and indirect migratory responses to Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (APP) in vitro and the effects of pseudorabies virus (PrV), frequently co-infecting with APP, were also observed. About 30% of swine neutrophils responded to viable APP, while 3.2% of the neutrophils responded to 0.1% casein(More)
The binding kinetics of angiotensin II (ANG II) have been studied in primary cultures from fetal rat brain. Binding of [125I]ANG II to rat brain cells in culture is time-, pH- and cell concentration-dependent. The binding is saturable, reversible, and 90--95% specific. Binding follows first-order kinetics, with values for K1 and K-1 of 4.9 x 10(6)M-1 S-1(More)
AIM Erythropoietin (rhEPO) is increasingly being used in the treatment of anemia caused by miscellaneous reasons. The aim of our research is to investigate the effects of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) on cellular growth and fibronectin (FN) expression in glomerular mesangial cells. METHODS Western blot was used to detect the expression of FN(More)
Several factors are known to be involved in the destruction of the articular cartilage. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA) either directly or through the stimulation of catabolic factors. The action of IL-1 on articular cartilage is multifaceted and it most likely plays an important role in the mechanism(More)
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