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Overexpression of the HER-2/neu receptor (HER-2) is associated with a poor prognosis in patients with breast carcinoma and also in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). In a previous study on HNSCC cell lines, we found that epigalocathechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a major biologically active component of green tea, inhibited activation of(More)
We examined the activity of two metabolites of sulindac (a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug), sulindac sulfide and sulindac sulfone (exisulind, Prevatec), and a novel highly potent analog of exisulind (CP248) on a series of human prostate epithelial cell lines. Marked growth inhibition was seen with the BPH-1, LNCaP, and PC3 cell lines with IC50 values(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether black cohosh contains constituents that inhibit the growth of human breast cancer cells, and therefore might eventually be useful in the prevention or treatment of breast cancer. Black cohosh rhizomes were extracted with methanol/water and fractionated by solvent-solvent partitioning to yield three(More)
In a recent study on head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells we found that epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a major biologically active component of green tea, inhibited activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and related signaling pathways. Since activation of EGFR signaling pathways is associated with angiogenesis, we(More)
PURPOSE (-)-Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) inhibits activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) and multiple downstream signaling pathways in cancer cell lines. In this study we compared the cellular and molecular effects of EGCG with a well-standardized decaffeinated green tea catechin(More)
Nonsteriodal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most commonly used medications in the United States and elsewhere, mainly for the treatment of arthritis. The NSAID sulindac causes regression and prevents the recurrence of premalignant colonic polyps in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis and inhibits colon carcinogenesis in rodents.(More)
Acyclic retinoid (ACR), a novel synthetic retinoid, can prevent the recurrence of human hepatoma after surgical resection of primary tumors, but the molecular mechanisms by which ACR exerts antitumor effects are not known. In this study, we found that ACR inhibited the growth of three human hepatoma cell lines. In HepG2 cells, this inhibition was associated(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6) binds to and is activated by cyclin D1 and thereby enhances the transition of cells through the G1 phase of the cell cycle. The present study indicates that, in human prostate cancer cells, CDK6 can also bind to the androgen receptor (AR) and stimulate its transcriptional activity in the presence of dihydrotestosterone. This(More)
Recent studies have shown that decreased expression of p27Kip1 is associated with high grade tumors and an unfavorable prognosis in several types of human cancer. To clarify the role of p27Kip1 in colon cancer, we have overexpressed this protein in the HT29 colon cancer cell line. The derivatives displayed an increase in the p27Kip1 protein in cyclin E/CDK2(More)
BACKGROUND The cyclin D1 gene is amplified and/or overexpressed in several types of human cancer, including cancers of the breast, esophagus, head, and neck. However, the role of cyclin D1 in prostate cancer has not been previously studied in detail. METHODS Six human prostate cancer cell lines and cultures of normal human prostate cells were examined by(More)