Jin-Sung Choi

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OBJECTIVE Small nerve fiber neuropathy (SFN) often occurs without apparent cause, but no systematic genetic studies have been performed in patients with idiopathic SFN (I-SFN). We sought to identify a genetic basis for I-SFN by screening patients with biopsy-confirmed idiopathic SFN for mutations in the SCN9A gene, encoding voltage-gated sodium channel(More)
Na(v)1.7 sodium channels can amplify weak stimuli in neurons and act as threshold channels for firing action potentials. Neurotrophic factors and pro-nociceptive cytokines that are released during development and under pathological conditions activate mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). Previous studies have shown that MAPKs can transduce(More)
The sensory neuron-specific sodium channel Na(v)1.8 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase are potential therapeutic targets within nociceptive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons in inflammatory, and possibly neuropathic, pain. Na(v)1.8 channels within nociceptive DRG neurons contribute most of the inward current underlying the depolarizing phase of(More)
Nociceptive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons can be classified into nonpeptidergic IB(4)(+) and peptidergic IB(4)(-) subtypes, which terminate in different layers in dorsal horn and transmit pain along different ascending pathways, and display different firing properties. Voltage-gated, tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R) Na(v)1.8 channels are expressed in(More)
BACKGROUND Sodium channel NaV1.7 is preferentially expressed within dorsal root ganglia (DRG), trigeminal ganglia and sympathetic ganglion neurons and their fine-diamter axons, where it acts as a threshold channel, amplifying stimuli such as generator potentials in nociceptors. Gain-of-function mutations and variants (single amino acid substitutions) of(More)
Neurotoxicity and mechanistic data were collected for six alpha-cyano pyrethroids (beta-cyfluthrin, cypermethrin, deltamethrin, esfenvalerate, fenpropathrin and lambda-cyhalothrin) and up to six non-cyano containing pyrethroids (bifenthrin, S-bioallethrin [or allethrin], permethrin, pyrethrins, resmethrin [or its cis-isomer, cismethrin] and tefluthrin under(More)
BACKGROUND Inherited erythermalgia (also termed "erythromelalgia"), characterized by episodic burning pain in the distal extremities evoked by warmth, has been causally linked with mutations of the Na(v)1.7 sodium channel, which is preferentially expressed in nociceptors. Thus far, Na(v)1.7 mutations within intracellular linker parts of the channel have(More)
Inherited erythromelalgia (IEM), characterized by episodic burning pain and erythema of the extremities, is produced by gain-of-function mutations in sodium channel Na(v)1.7, which is preferentially expressed in nociceptive and sympathetic neurons. Most patients do not respond to pharmacotherapy, although occasional reports document patients as showing(More)
The effect of fluoxetine (Prozac) on 5-hydroxytryptamine(3) (5-HT(3))-mediated currents in NCB-20 neuroblastoma cells was examined using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. Fluoxetine produced a significant reduction of peak amplitude without altering the activation time course of 5-HT(3)-mediated currents. These effects were concentration-dependent, with(More)
BACKGROUND a 3-month-old male infant presented, beginning on the second day of life, with paroxysmal painful events that started with tonic contraction of the whole body followed by erythematous harlequin-type color changes. INVESTIGATIONS screening of the SCN9A gene, which encodes the voltage-gated sodium channel Na(V)1.7, identified a new mutation,(More)