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The aim of this study is to compare the short-term results between robotic-assisted low anterior resection (R-LAR), using the da Vinci® Surgical System, and standard laparoscopic low anterior resection (L-LAR) in rectal cancer patients. 113 patients were assigned to receive either R-LAR (n = 56) or L-LAR (n = 57) between April 2006 and September 2007.(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common progressive neurodegenerative disease. Several genes have been associated with familial type PD, providing tremendous insights into the pathogenesis of PD. Gathering evidence supports the view that these gene products may operate through common molecular pathways. Recent reports suggest that many(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic rectal transection carries the risk of anastomotic leakage because of its technical difficulty and long staple line with an inadequate cutting angle. Our objective was to investigate the risk factors affecting anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic intracorporeal colorectal anastomosis with a double stapling technique. STUDY DESIGN(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between tumor volume changes assessed by three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance (MR) volumetry and the histopathologic tumor response in rectal cancer patients undergoing preoperative chemoradiation therapy (CRT). METHODS AND MATERIALS A total of 84 patients who underwent preoperative CRT(More)
The purpose of this study is to review the clinical outcomes of patients who received extended lymph node dissection for radiologically diagnosed extramesenteric lymph node metastasis. The authors reviewed clinical characteristics, short-term operative outcomes, and long-term oncologic outcomes of 151 patients who had received total mesorectal excision plus(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have focused on distribution of lymph node metastasis. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prognostic significance of the location of involved lymph nodes in patients with advanced mid or low rectal cancer. METHODS We defined proximal lymph node involvement (PLNp) as superior rectal and inferior mesenteric lymph node metastasis(More)
Over the past several years, preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) has contributed remarkably to make more sphincter-preserving procedure (SPP) possible for lower rectal cancer. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes between abdominoperineal resection (APR) and SPP after preoperative CRT in patients with locally advanced lower rectal cancer. A(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE For thousands of years antlers have been used in Asian countries to promote rapid healing, treat weight loss, slow growth in children, strengthen weak bones, and alleviate cold hands and feet. AIM OF THE STUDY The present study was performed to examine the effect of fermentation on the ability of antler to act as a(More)
BACKGROUND Endocytosis controls localization-specific signal transduction via epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), as well as downregulation of that receptor. Extracellular matrix (ECM)-integrin coupling induces formation of macromolecular complexes that include EGFR, integrin, Src kinase and p130Cas, resulting in EGFR activation. In addition, cell(More)
We have introduced both electrophoretic and dynamic light scattering to evaluate the polydispersity, nanodispersity, and stability of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) in distilled water with surfactants. By controlling the sodium dodecyl sulfate composition and some pretreatment by sonication, we were able to achieve nanodispersion (dispersion into(More)