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One of the top design priorities for semiconductor chemical sensors is developing simple, low-cost, sensitive and reliable sensors to be built in handheld devices. However, the need to implement heating elements in sensor devices, and the resulting high power consumption, remains a major obstacle for the realization of miniaturized and integrated(More)
Chemical synapses are important components of the large-scaled neural network in the hippocampus of the mammalian brain, and a change in their weight is thought to be in charge of learning and memory. Thus, the realization of artificial chemical synapses is of crucial importance in achieving artificial neural networks emulating the brain's functionalities(More)
Vertically ordered nanotube array is a desirable configuration to improve gas sensing properties of the hematite which is the most abundant and cheapest metal oxide semiconductor on earth but has low and sluggish chemiresistive responses. We have synthesized a vertically aligned, highly ordered hematite nanotube array directly on a patterned SiO2/Si(More)
The two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) at the interface between insulating LaAlO3 and SrTiO3 is intriguing both as a fundamental science topic and for possible applications in electronics or sensors. For example, because the electrical conductance of the 2DEG at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface can be tuned by applying an electric field, new electronic devices(More)
Harman method is a rapid and simple technique to measure thermoelectric properties. However, its validity has been often questioned due to the over-simplified assumptions that this method relies on. Here, we quantitatively investigate the influence of the previously ignored parasitic thermal effects on the Harman method and develop a method to determine an(More)
Ultrathin (4-6 nm) single-crystal Bi(2)Se(3) nanodiscs and nanosheets were synthesized through a simple and quick solution process. The growth mechanism was investigated in detail. Crystal seeds grew via 2D self-attachment of small nanoparticles followed by epitaxial recrystallization into single crystals. The lateral dimension of the nanodiscs increased(More)
Manipulation of electrons in a solid through transmitting, storing, and switching is the fundamental basis for the microelectronic devices. Recently, the electroresistance effect in the ferroelectric capacitors has provided a novel way to modulate the electron transport by polarization reversal. Here, we demonstrate a giant electroresistive ferroelectric(More)
Utilizing internal energy artificially implemented by cold-pressing in the specimens, we demonstrate a way to synthesize high-quality bulk thermoelectric materials at otherwise too low a temperature to approach to an equilibrium state. This low-temperature synthesis technique will provide a new opportunity to integrate high-performance thermoelectric(More)
A bismuth telluride (BT)/indium selenide (IS) multilayer film was deposited at room temperature by rf magnetron sputtering on a sapphire substrate in order to investigate how the multilayered structure affects the microstructure and thermoelectric properties. The effect of annealing at different temperatures was also studied. The results were compared with(More)
Metal organic chemical vapour deposition (MOCVD) has been investigated for growth of Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 films on (001) GaAs substrates using trimethylbismuth, triethylantimony and diisopropyltelluride as metal organic sources. The surface morphologies of Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 films were strongly dependent on the deposition temperatures as it varies from a(More)